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Locating Dam Sites For Water Harvesting: Case Study Of Najaf Province, Iraq
Environmental Department, Urban Planning College, Kufa University, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Environmental Department, Urban Planning College, Kufa University, Iraq.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Hydrology, ISSN 1058-3912, E-ISSN 1996-7918, Journal of Environmental Hydrology, ISSN 1058-3912, Vol. 27, p. 1-8, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Middle East is considered as an arid area. Iraq was an exception due to the presence of the Tigris  and  Euphrates  Rivers. After  1970,  the  flow  of  these  rivers  started  to  decrease  due  to  climate change  and  building  of  dams  in  the  upper  parts  of  the  catchments  of  the  rivers.  Now,  Iraq  is experiencing  water  shortage  problems.  Rain  water  harvesting  will  definitely  minimize  the  effect  of water shortage problems. In this research an arid area was selected (al Najaf) to find out the best sites for water harvesting using GIS techniques. The good agreement between the results from a simple GIS model  and  observations  in  cases  such  as  al  Najaf  Sea  is  indicating  a  promising  future  for  GIS application  in  hydrological  modeling.  The  present  study  proposed  a  function  formula  of  estimating suitable dam site using existing geographic information map such as the digital elevation maps. It is expected that it will save time, cost and work force. Finally, through the contour map of the study area, the lowest three elevation values at the governorate level were observed (20, 40, 60m). Based on these values, three possibilities were suggested to select the dam sites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canada: The International Association of Environmental Hydrology , 2019. Vol. 27, p. 1-8, article id 10
Keywords [en]
Water harvesting, Dams, Najaf, Iraq
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77173DiVA, id: diva2:1378801
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 1;2019-12-17 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-12-14 Created: 2019-12-14 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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