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A tale of four countries: How Bowlby used his trip through Europe to write the WHO report and spread his ideas
Erasmus Univ, Netherlands.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1833-5506
Leiden Univ, Netherlands.
Leiden Univ, Netherlands; Univ Magallanes, Chile.
2019 (English)In: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 0022-5061, E-ISSN 1520-6696Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Attachment theory, developed by child psychiatrist John Bowlby, is considered a major theory in developmental psychology. Attachment theory can be seen as resulting from Bowlbys personal experiences, his psychoanalytic education, his subsequent study of ethology, and societal developments during the 1930s and 1940s. One of those developments was the outbreak of World War II and its effects on childrens psychological wellbeing. In 1950, Bowlby was appointed WHO consultant to study the needs of children who were orphaned or separated from their families for other reasons and needed care in foster homes or institutions. The resulting report is generally considered a landmark publication in psychology, although it subsequently met with methodological criticism. In this paper, by reconstructing Bowlbys visit to several European countries, on the basis of notebooks and letters, the authors shed light on the background of this report and the way Bowlby used or neglected the findings he gathered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2019.
Keywords [en]
attachment theory; Bowlby; maternal deprivation; mental hygiene; separation; WHO
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162509DOI: 10.1002/jhbs.22016ISI: 000497167300001PubMedID: 31746007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162509DiVA, id: diva2:1378765
Note

Funding Agencies|Kohler-Stiftung; Dr. J. L. Dobberke Stichting voor Vergelijkende Psychologie

Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2020-01-22

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