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De tror inte att kvinnliga domare kan döma: En kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som bidrar till att antalet kvinnliga domare inom fotbollen är få
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
They don't believe in women referees : A qualitative study about which factors that contribute to why female football refeeres are few (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Football is a sport defined by men for men. The number of performers is higher, men have better benefits and they get more attention than women. Additionally, the football referees are represented by men as well. In the current situation, there are 139 referees in football placed in Västerbotten. 18 are women and 121 are men, which means that women only represent 13 % of the referees in the county. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine which factors that contribute the fact that female football referees are few. Following research questions were stated: why do female referees quit? What obstacles and abilities do female referees face in their profession?What do they believe needs to be done to change the conditions in Swedish football to encourage women to become referees? Method: To conduct this study, a qualitative method of semi-structured interviews has been done. Six active and two non-active referees from Västerbotten and Västernorrland participated in this study. Result: The result indicated that female quit judging due to several reasons. For example, lack of support, insults and disrespectful treatment. Norms and perceptions about the woman make it hard for them to get respect and belief. Women also have to face sexual harassment. The respondents believe that right type of recruitment, specific female coaches, education for women and better support are solutions to attract more women to the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
football referees female norms
Keywords [sv]
fotbollsdomare kvinnor normer
National Category
Social Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166175OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-166175DiVA, id: diva2:1377959
External cooperation
Anonym
Subject / course
Idrottspedagogik
Educational program
Study Programme for Sport Sciences
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf