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Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the 9-Item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale in a multi-occupational female sample: a cross-sectional study
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9567-0773
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1289-9896
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 2771Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of the present study was to use exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to investigate the factorial structure of the 9-item Utrecht work engagement scale (UWES-9) in a multi-occupational female sample.

Methods: A total of 702 women, originally recruited as a general population of 7–15-year-old girls in 1995 for a longitudinal study, completed the UWES-9. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed on half the sample, and CFA on the other half.

Results: Exploratory factor analysis showed that a one-factor structure best fit the data. CFA with three different models (one-factor, two-factor, and three-factor) was then conducted. Goodness-of-fit statistics showed poor fit for all three models, with RMSEA never going lower than 0.166.

Conclusion: Despite indication from exploratory factor analysis (EFA) that a one-factor structure seemed to fit the data, we were unable to find good model fit for a one-, two-, or three-factor model using CFA. As previous studies have also failed to reach conclusive results on the optimal factor structure for the UWES-9, further research is needed in order to disentangle the possible effects of gender, nationality and occupation on work engagement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 10, article id 2771
Keywords [en]
confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory factor analysis, occupational psychology, Utrecht work engagement scale, work engagement
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31281DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02771PubMedID: 31866921Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077261088OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31281DiVA, id: diva2:1377752
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved

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