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A Modelling Approach of Variable Geometry for Low Pressure Ratio Fans
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9922-3690
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Propulsion Technology, Cologne, Germany.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
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2019 (English)In: International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, ISABE 2019, Canberra, Australia, 23 - 27 September 2019 Paper No. ISABE-2019-24382, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the development and application of a modelling approach of variable geometry conceptsfor low pressure ratio fans; namely Variable Area Nozzle and Variable Pitch Fan. An enhanced approachfor Outlet Guide Vane pressure loss predictions and an aerothermodynamic analysis of variable pitchconcept are developed and integrated into a multi-disciplinary conceptual engine design framework. Astreamline curvature algorithm is deployed for the derivation of the off-design fan performance map,alleviating scaling issues from higher pressure ratio fan designs. Correction deltas are derived through thevariable pitch analysis for calculating the re-shaped off-design fan performance map. The aforementionedvariable geometry concepts are evaluated in terms of surge margin at engine and aircraft level for a lowpressure ratio aft-fan of a hybrid-electric configuration. Performance assessments carried out suggest thata +8° closing of fan blade cascades leads to a 33% surge margin improvement (with reference being thesurge margin without variable geometry) compared to a 25% improvement achieved by +20% opening thenozzle area at end of runway take-off conditions. Although weight and complexity implications of variablegeometry are not considered, the integrated modelling approach is shown to be able to assess and comparesuch novel engine technologies for low pressure ratio fans in terms of operability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Low Pressure Ratio Fan; Variable Area Nozzle; Variable Pitch Fan; Conceptual Design; Engine Performance;
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46288DiVA, id: diva2:1377116
Conference
International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, ISABE 2019, Canberra, Australia, 23 - 27 September 2019 Paper No. ISABE-2019-24382
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved

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