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Evaluation of a digitial displacement pump in a load haul dump application
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Fluid and Mechatronic Systems.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Hydraulics has always been the first choice of actuation in off-road, construction and mining vehicles due to its power density, low cost, built in cooling and lubrication. However, the current state of our environment along with stricter regulations has brought light to newer technologies within hydraulics to improve the existing system. This urge to enhance efficiency and reduce energy consumption has led to a point where new technologies must be evaluated.

One such technology is the programmable hydraulic pump called the digital displacement pump (DDP). This new pump may have the potential to revolutionize mobile hydraulics as it can be used to improve part load efficiencies, response and make it easier to control from a system perspective.

The DDP is a radial piston pump that has been fit with solenoid on/off valves at the inlet of each cylinder to control the flow of the working fluid. The displacement setting of the pump depends on the displacement of each cylinder controlled digitally by the 'active' inlet valve. The pump can act as a single unit to supply one circuit or it can dedicate pistons for supplying several circuits in parallel using different pump outlet configurations. They can be setup to run in pressure controlled or flow controlled systems to achieve the above mentioned flow sharing capability.

An energy study based on two fixed drive cycles (short and intermediate) are conducted on the existing system of a loader used for mining called the ST14 Battery. A breakdown of the energy consumption in the machine is created to look at the impact of the three main actuators (boom, bucket and steering), pump losses and throttling losses have. The losses due to simultaneous load handling and the energy that can be saved by swapping the pumps with a digital displacement pump are also found out and analysed.

A model of the existing hydraulic system is made using Simulink and Hopsan using the data and results from the energy study. It will be used to simulate and evaluate future system architectures. This model is then used to simulate a system architecture where the existing pumps are swapped with digital displacement pumps. This architecture is more energy efficient due to the higher energy efficiency of the pump. The findings from the energy study and simulations are compared and results are obtained regarding power losses, energy consumption and overall usability of the models.

The addition of the two DDP’s instead of the existing inline pumps has resulted in energy savings resulting in 4% more running time in the intermediate cycle and 5.6% in the short cycle while keeping the functionality of the machine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Digital displacement pump; mine loader; energy efficiency; backward simulation; forward simulation; pump losses
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162594ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--19/03563—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162594DiVA, id: diva2:1376835
External cooperation
Epiroc Rock Drills AB, Sweden; Artemis Intelligent Power, Scotland
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering
Presentation
2019-08-20, Diana 2C:832, A building, Linköping Univeristy, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved

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