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Sociocultural Influences on Dietary Practices and Physical Activity Behaviors of Rural Adolescents: A Qualitative Exploration
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), International Child Health and Nutrition.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH), International Maternal and Reproductive Health and Migration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1314-2943
International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1033-5034
International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.
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2019 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 11, no 12, article id 2916Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the aftermath of nutrition transition and ever-increasing sedentarism, adolescents globally are exposed to negative health consequences. Diverse sociocultural influences play a critical role in their adoption of unhealthy dietary practices and suboptimal physical activity behaviors. Context-specific understandings of how these sociocultural influences shape adolescents' dietary and physical activity patterns in a rural, resource-limited setting remained elusive. Aiming to address the gap, this qualitative study explored adolescents' and mothers' perception of broader sociocultural aspects that sculpt the food choices, eating habits and physical activity behaviors of adolescents in Matlab, Bangladesh. Six digitally-recorded focus group discussions were transcribed verbatim, translated into English and analyzed thematically. Marked taste-driven dietary preference of adolescents and its prioritization within family by the mothers, popularity of street foods, better understanding of the importance of food hygiene and safety contrasting with narrow perception of balance and diversity in diet, peer influence along with deficient school and community food environment, internalization and rigidity of gender norms were found to be exerting major influence. The findings highlighted key targets for community-based nutrition interventions and endorsed thorough consideration of socio-cultural factors in formulating strategies to promote healthful eating and physical activity behaviors among the adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 12, article id 2916
Keywords [en]
Bangladesh, adolescent, dietary practices, physical activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398679DOI: 10.3390/nu11122916ISI: 000506917800078PubMedID: 31810284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-398679DiVA, id: diva2:1376315
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Swedish Research Council, 2016-01880Available from: 2019-12-09 Created: 2019-12-09 Last updated: 2020-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Islam, Mohammad RedwanulTrenholm, Jill E.Rahman, AnisurEkström, Eva-CharlotteRahman, Syed Moshfiqur
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