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Conceptual Design of a Hybrid Gas Turbine - Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System for Civil Aviation
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9922-3690
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8466-356X
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A conceptual design of a hybrid Gas Turbine - Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system is presented for civil aviation applications. The system operates using hydrogen as fuel, for the aircraft’s propulsion, while at the same time produces electrical energy in the fuel cell. Hydrogen is produced during flight by reformation of methane. The motivation of the study is to investigate hydrogen’s use for aviation purposes, so the hybrid system’s operation characteristics need to be examined. A configuration is designed, where a SOFC and the burner is modeled as one and simulated, in a modern multidisciplinary programming environment, in order to analyze the thermodynamic characteristics of the hybrid system. The fuel cell sets into motion when the aircraft reaches top of climb. During operation, liquefied natural gas is converted to hydrogen in the fuel cell and part of it is used to produce electrical energy while the rest for combustion. To determine the efficiency of the system, its performance was simulated using two scenarios, one for longhaul flights and one for short-haul flights. Comparing the results, for long-haul flights, the hybrid system presents a reduction in fuel consumption and an increase in thermal efficiency. For flights of a short range, the existing conditions in the fuel cell inlet were found to be prohibitive for it’s operation and the use of the hybrid system ineffective. For the system’s efficiency, the larger the pressure in the SOFC’s inlet the better. However, SOFC’s pressure limits restrict the pressure range and the cell’s use only during flight. Concluding, according to the study’s results, the hybrid system can operate in flight conditions, making the use of hydrogen in civil aviation possible. As a result, a 12% and 35% benefit is achieved, in fuel saving and thermal efficiency respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Hybrid system; Solid Oxide Fuel Cell; Hydrogen; Fuel saving; thermal efficiency
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46257DiVA, id: diva2:1376149
Conference
International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, ISABE 2019, Canberra, Australia, 23 - 28 September 2019 Paper No. ISABE-2019-24214
Available from: 2019-12-08 Created: 2019-12-08 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Kavvalos, MavroudisAslanidou, IoannaKyprianidis, Konstantinos
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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