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Custom Base Maps for Utility Network Applications
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Anpassade Baskartor för Allmänyttiga Nätverksapplikationer (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Web maps are today used more than ever. These are often displayed in geographical information system solutions. Web maps are often constructed in the terms of different layers where the bottom-most layer is called base map or background map. A specific kind of base maps are those that are the canvas for utility networks. These base maps can look vastly different from each other. Sometimes the base map can be overlooked. Currently there are different theories and opinions on how these base maps shall be designed and what information they shall contain. This thesis investigates a suitable base map design for utility network management and also creates some prototypes as a proof of concept. The thesis focus mostly on three factors, colour, information visualisation and symbology. This is investigated by using a user-centred design approach and comparing it to existing findings in literature and among map theories. The user-centred design process involves a case study performed with participants that work with utility networks in web map solutions. The research method is an iterative process where the participants are answering three quantitative surveys. The surveys includes prototypes which is refined for each step after analysing the participants answers. The thesis concludes that low saturated colours is good practise to enhance the network, this is both evident in literature as well as in the case study. Amount of lightness in the base map seem to be more of a opinionated matter and can highly differentiate depending on users device. Using hue is recommended to make borders between map elements more distinct. The base map shall only obtain the most relevant information and more specific information is recommended to be added through additional layers. Further studies need to be done in order to investigate the networks design and there is also a need to investigate how a map solution with several layers shall be design and how the relationships between those layers shall be constructed for utility network management

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19584
Keywords [en]
GIS, cartography, base map, background map, utility network, user centred design, map design
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-264936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-264936DiVA, id: diva2:1375770
External cooperation
Digpro AB
Subject / course
Geoinformatics
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Presentation
2019-06-06, 00:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-06 Created: 2019-12-06 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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