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Discourses of criticality in Nordic countries’ school subject Civics
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5222-6229
2019 (English)In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 3, p. 149-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Criticality (the ability to think, self-reflect and act critically, as well as reason analytically) is framed as an important goal of education generally, and citizenship education specifically. However, literature and research within subject didactics tend to frame criticality as subject-specific, hence its conceptualisation can vary substantially depending on epistemological and research traditions. Thus, this paper compares its treatment in the same subject, civics, in curricula of the five Nordic countries. Civics is an interesting case as it is a major element of citizenship education, which varies somewhat among the five countries. Four ideal types of criticality are elaborated and deployed in the analysis: general, disciplinary, moral and ideological criticality. The results reveal substantial differences between the five compared curricula. They also reveal apparent correlations between civics as a single-subject construct (as in Denmark and Sweden) and disciplinary criticality, and between civics as an integrated curriculum construct (as in Iceland) and general criticality. Overall, the disciplinary view of criticality slightly prevails in the five compared curricula. The results raise questions about contextual factors’ effects on how criticality is constructed in school subjects, and helps reflection on what we actually refer to when we talk about a certain school subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: CSD Karlstads universitet , 2019. no 3, p. 149-167
Keywords [en]
Civics, social studies, citizenship education, criticality, critical thinking, curriculum, comparative method
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165824DiVA, id: diva2:1375343
Available from: 2019-12-04 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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