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MÅLTIDSMILJÖNS BETYDELSE FÖR PERSONER MED DEMENSSJUKDOM: En litteraturöversikt
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
MÅLTIDSMILJÖNS BETYDELSE FÖR PERSONER MED DEMENSSJUKDOM : En litteraturöversikt (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Background: The meal environment has an important significance for people with dementia. The background describes, among other things, how the disease dementia causes difficulties with intake of food and drink, how the meal situation is an important part of everyday life, the importance of the meal environment and the nurse's nursing responsibility. It then follows a presentation of the steering document and guidelines, person-centered care for people with dementia disease and theoretical and medical sciences as well as nursing responsibilities. Problem: Malnutrition is a problem in people with dementia, due to their reduced cognitive ability and a non-optimal meal environment. A poor meal environment can cause nutritional deficiencies, weight loss, dehydration, fatigue, depression, pressure ulcers and infections in people with dementia. Aim: The purpose is to elucidate the importance of the meal environment for people with dementia. Method: Literature review with thirteen articles; six articles with qualitative- and six articles with quantitative approach and one article with mixed method have been analysed. Result: Two main themes were identified that were important for the meal environment for people with dementia. These were sensory impressions and person-centered meal environment. Conclusions: To improve food and beverage intake and to prevent malnutrition in people with dementia, some important factors were highlighted in the results section. The factors are: the environment in the dining room, Person-centered care and interaction between the nurse and people with dementia are important parts of the meals. In addition, the problems malnutrition and weight loss cause when food and drink intake decrease, as well as the nurse's responsibility in nursing measures, were addressed.Keyword: Dementia, interaction, malnutrition, meal environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 46
Series
Mälardalen Studies in Educational SciencesMälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256Mälardalen Studies in Educational Sciences
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46241DiVA, id: diva2:1375176
Subject / course
Caring Science
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-04 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2019-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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