Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Climate impact from diet in relation to background and sociodemographic characteristics in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9227-8434
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 22, no 17, p. 3288-3297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine climate impact from diet across background and sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based cohort in northern Sweden.

Design: A cross-sectional study within the Västerbotten Intervention Programme. Dietary data from a 64-item food frequency questionnaire collected during 1996–2016 were used. Energy-adjusted greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) for all participants, expressed as kg carbon dioxide equivalents/day and 4184 kJ (1000 kcal), were estimated using data from life cycle analyses. Differences in background and sociodemographic characteristics were examined between participants with low and high GHGE from diet, respectively. The variables evaluated were age, BMI, physical activity, marital status, level of education, smoking, and residence.

Setting: Västerbotten county in northern Sweden.

Participants: In total, 46 893 women and 45 766 men aged 29–65 years.

Results: Differences in GHGE from diet were found across the majority of examined variables. The strongest associations were found between GHGE from diet and age, BMI, education, and residence (all P < 0·001), with the highest GHGE from diet found among women and men who were younger, had a higher BMI, higher educational level, and lived in urban areas.

Conclusions: This study is one of the first to examine climate impact from diet across background and sociodemographic characteristics. The results show that climate impact from diet is associated with age, BMI, residence and educational level amongst men and women in Västerbotten, Sweden. These results define potential target populations where public health interventions addressing a move towards more climate-friendly food choices and reduced climate impact from diet could be most effective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019. Vol. 22, no 17, p. 3288-3297
Keywords [en]
Carbon dioxide equivalents, Climate impact, Diet, Food, Sociodemographic factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165790DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002131PubMedID: 31566152Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072911901OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165790DiVA, id: diva2:1374916
Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-03 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(702 kB)4 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 702 kBChecksum SHA-512
997ea8beca8130267620ec9d0b058386d03e94c82831df9229049855f9b0f7fb5147bb9bec716a866e772e57f6656498cf546bc76482cd68739b0152d60bf3a4
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Johansson, IngegerdLindahl, Bernt
By organisation
Department of OdontologyOccupational and Environmental Medicine
In the same journal
Public Health Nutrition
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf