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COMPARING THE COMPOSITION OF SAPROXYLIC BEETLE FAUNA ON OLD HOLLOW OAKS BETWEEN TWO TIME PERIODS
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Oak habitats are rich in saproxylic species, but the habitat is declining with loss of diversity due to encroachment which decrease the vitality of oaks. The present explorative study compared results from a study conducted in 1994, with present species communities to observe if there has been change in species composition and what factors that can explain species diversity and composition. The results revealed that the overall species composition between 1994 and 2018 has changed. There were 130 species recorded in 2018 compared to 108 species in 1994 (31 new species were recorded in 2018, and 9 species lost from the study in 1994). There was a high species turnover recorded per individual tree, and the species composition between the living and encountered dead trees did not differ. Species composition was affected by canopy cover, and trunk circumference (CCA P-value 0.001 and 0.014 respectively). Unlike 1994, there were no variables in 2018 that could explain the association with species numbers. Warmer conditions recorded during the sampling period have probably led to increased flight activity of beetles and therefore increasing chances of capturing more species and individuals. The warmer conditions possibly shadowed the effects of the explanatory variables in explaining the changes in species numbers. Perhaps the change in species composition could also be attributed to existing management interventions that may be supporting an increasing species number of saproxylic beetles, however no strong conclusions could be drawn. Management interventions such as the recruitment of new oaks should be encouraged and intensified in order to provide habitats and support stable populations as the loss of oaks may lead to increased risk of extinction of the saproxylic beetles in the study area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Saproxylic beetles, Guilds, Species composition, Canopy Cover, Forest Regrowth, Trunk Circumference, Cavity size. Species turnover
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162441ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX—19/3611--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162441DiVA, id: diva2:1374909
Subject / course
Biology
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Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-03 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

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