Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Postoperativt Delirium: Intervention och prevention ur ett omvårdnadsperspektiv
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Postoperative delirium is a common complication that occurs in elderly patients undergoing surgery with anaesthesia. This condition causes feelings of fear, discomfort and suffering for the patient. The aim with this study was to describe what interventions that can be used to prevent or treat postoperative delirium and what effect they have on the condition. This study is a systematic review with a descriptive design which examines existing research on nursing interventions with the aim of preventing and treating postoperative delirium. The study is based on nine scientific original articles, seven were randomized controlled trials and two were quasi experimental studies. The literature search was made through Cinahl, psycINFO and PubMed. When all studies had been examined the results showed multiple interventions and most of them had a preventive or treating effect on postoperative delirium. The interventions focus on different ways to affect the condition. Some of them are geriatric consultation, music therapy and family as caregivers. Postoperative delirium can be both prevented and treated through different kinds of interventions. This study contributes to expanded knowledge on how the condition can be managed, however further research is needed to provide increased evidence and prove which interventions that can provide the most effective affect on postoperative delirium.

Abstract [sv]

Postoperativt delirium är en vanlig komplikation hos äldre som genomgått någon form av kirurgi under anestesi. Tillståndet innebär rädsla, obehag och lidande för patienten. Syftet med studien är att beskriva vilka omvårdnadsinterventioner som finns för att förebygga och behandla postoperativt delirium samt vilken effekt dessa har. Denna studie är en litteraturöversikt med beskrivande design som undersöker befintlig forskning kring omvårdnadsinterventioner med syfte att förebygga och behandla postoperativt delirium. Studien består av nio vetenskapliga originalartiklar, sju var randomiserade kontrollerade studier och två var kvasiexperimentella studier. Datainsamlingen genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl, psycINFO och PubMed. Efter att samtliga studier granskats framkommer ett resultat med flera olika omvårdnadsinterventioner där majoriteten har förebyggande eller behandlande effekt på postoperativt delirium. De interventioner som resultatet baseras på använder sig av olika sätt som tillståndet kan påverkas av. Några av dessa är geriatrisk konsultation, musikterapi och anhörig som vårdgivare. Postoperativt delirium kan förebyggas och behandlas på olika sätt via omvårdnadsinterventioner. Denna studie kan ge läsaren ökad kunskap om hur tillståndet kan hanteras, dock krävs det ytterligare forskning inom området för att ge ökad evidens och fastställa vilka typer av interventioner som har störst inverkan på postoperativt delirium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Postoperative delirium, elderly, prevention, treatment, interventions
Keywords [sv]
Postoperativt delirium, äldre, prevention, behandling, interventioner
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-398151DiVA, id: diva2:1374776
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(298 kB)5 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 298 kBChecksum SHA-512
05a10a1ce8af66298b1b36d59df0146abbc0d5b31ab59d8a9f313edb10d5dfa9978a01077173b6bfd14afadbcb50302ec372cadc70a44ee5c71baf914a9d5cc0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 5 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 27 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf