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Att leva med rädsla för canceråterfall: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Living with fear of cancer recurrence : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är en sjukdom som 61000 individer drabbas av i Sverige varje år. Antalet överlevande är större tack vare tidigare upptäckt av cancer. Att drabbas av cancer kan upplevas traumatisk varför flera efter friskförklarande upplever rädsla för canceråterfall.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att utforska upplevelser av att leva med rädsla för canceråterfall.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt över nio vetenskapliga artiklar enligt Fribergs metod. Artiklarna till resultatet hämtades från Academic Search Complete, Cinahl Complete och Nursing & Allied Health Database.

Resultat: Rädsla för canceråterfall kan ses som ett fenomen som orsakar lidande hos den drabbade, och påverkar fler områden i livet negativt, fysiska, psykologiska samt psykosociala. Litteraturöversikten presenteras i två teman. Det första temat är Utlösande fenomen som behandlar fenomen som ökar rädslans intensitet. Det andra temat är Hantering av rädslan för canceråterfall som behandlar hur det drabbade påverkas psykosocialt och hur de hanterar livet.

Diskussion: Canceröverlevare befinner sig i en ny livssituation efter cancerbehandlingen är klar, detta kan innebära svårigheter att hantera livet efter cancersjukdom. Sjuksköterskan behöver vara uppmärksam på att dessa patienter inte enbart dyker upp i onkologisk kontext utan också i öppenvården. Litteraturöversiktens fynd har diskuterats utifrån Roys adaptionsmodell.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is a disease that 61,000 individuals suffer in Sweden each year. The number of survivors is greater due to early cancer detection. Being affected by cancer can be perceived as traumatic, which is why several people whom survived cancer, experience fear of cancer recurrence.

Aim: The aim of this literature review was to explore experiences of living with fear of cancer recurrence.

Method: A literature review of nine scientific articles according to the Friberg method. The results articles were taken from Academic Search Complete, Cinahl Complete and Nursing & Allied Health Database.

Results: Fear of cancer recurrence can be seen as a phenomenon that causes suffering in the affected person, and affects areas of life negatively, physically, psychological and psychosocially. The literature review is presented in two themes. The first theme is Triggering Phenomena which deals with phenomena that increase fear. The second theme is Managing the Fear of Cancer Recurrence, which addresses how the fear affect the affected psychosocially and how the affected deal with life.

Discussion: Cancer survivors are in a new life situation after the cancer treatment is complete, this can mean difficulties in managing life after cancer. The nurse needs to be aware that these patients not only appear in the oncological context but also in outpatient care. The findings of the literature review have been discussed on the basis of Roy's adaptation model

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Cancer recurrence, Fear, Experience, Living with
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, Canceråterfall, Rädsla, Upplevelse, leva med
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7861DiVA, id: diva2:1374680
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

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