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Fire and Smoke Phenomenon in West Najaf City: Southwest Iraq
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq.
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
2019 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 11, no 12, p. 791-800Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A strange phenomenon of fire taking place at Arruhban area west Bahr-Al Najaf area in Iraq was noticed in 2010 and smoke continued many months; this phenomenon reappeared many years later. This site is part of Bahr-Al Najaf-Iraq NE Arabian plate, located in flat area near an archeological site of Christian temple called Tel Arruhban. To understand the causes for this fire in a non-residential area, field observations from repeated visits between 2010 and 2018 and on-site excavation operations were conducted. The results of analysis of soil samples, and on-site detection for gases and vapors showed that the phenomenon of burning and smoke generated at this site was due to external influences and that the presence of soil rich with organic materials helped to the existence of this phenomenon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
usa: Scientific Research Publishing, 2019. Vol. 11, no 12, p. 791-800
Keywords [en]
Smoke Phenomenon, Bahr-Al Najaf, Tel Arruhban, Detected Gases
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76988DOI: 10.4236/eng.2019.1112053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76988DiVA, id: diva2:1374398
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 1;2019-12-02 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-30 Created: 2019-11-30 Last updated: 2019-12-02Bibliographically approved

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