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Hur patienter med blodburen smitta upplever vårdpersonalens attityd mot dem.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: De tre vanligaste blodburna smittor som vårdpersonalen träffar på är humant immunbristvirus (HIV), hepatit C samt hepatit B. Dessa sjukdomar sprider sig via blodprodukter och medför en risk att vårdpersonalen kan bli smittade i sitt arbete. Risk för stigmatisering hos vårdpersonalen finns då sjukdomarna ofta förknippas med homosexualitet och intravenöst drogmissbruk. Risken är att patienter upplever sig diskriminerade av vårdpersonalen och att det påverkar omvårdnaden.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka vårdpersonalens attityd mot patienter med blodburen smitta samt patienters upplevelse av vården och omvårdnaden.

Metod: En litteraturstudie bestående av sex kvantitativa artiklar, fyra kvalitativa artiklar samt två mix-metod artiklar där det gjordes en induktiv analys av artiklarna för att tolka resultatet.

Resultat: Det existerar en stigmatiserande attityd hos viss vårdpersonal mot patienter med blodburen smitta. En del i vårdpersonalen känner även av en viss rädsla mot patienterna med blodburen smitta, då rädslan grundar sig i att själva bli smittade. Rädslan och den stigmatiserande attityden påverkar vårdpersonalens vilja samt trygghet att vårda patienter med blodburen smitta. Patienter upplever och känner sig diskriminerade av vårdpersonal som har en stigmatiserande attityden samt visar rädsla gentemot dem. Patienterna har då större risk att undvika vården. Det som patienter upplever bra är när de får träffa samma personal som de kan lära känna och som vet deras historia.

Slutsats: Viss vårdpersonal har en stigmatiserande attityd och rädsla mot patienter med blodburen smitta och detta grundar sig i vårdpersonalens okunskap och låga utbildning. Patienter märker av och känner sig diskriminerade av vårdpersonal som visar rädsla samt en stigmatiserande attityd mot dem. Detta påverkar patienters vård då patienter undviker vården eller inte får samma vård av vårdpersonalen på grund av sin sjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Background: The three most common blood-borne pathogens that the healthcare professional encounters are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C and hepatitis B. These pathogens spread through blood products and there is a risk that the healthcare staff gets infected in their work. There is a risk of stigma among healthcare professionals as the pathogens are often associated with homosexuality and intravenous drug abuse. At the same time, the risk is that patients feel discriminated by the healthcare staff and that it affects their care.

Purpose: The aim was to investigate the attitudes of the healthcare professionals towards patients with blood-borne pathogens as well as patients' experience of their care and nursing.

Method: A literature study was based on six quantitative articles, four qualitative articles and two mix-method articles in which an inductive analysis of the articles was performed to interpret the results.

Result: There is a stigmatizing attitude among healthcare professionals towards patients with bloodborne infection. Some of the healthcare staff also feel a certain fear of the patients with blood-borne infection and the fear is based on being infected themselves. Fear and stigmatizing attitudes affect the will of the healthcare staff and the safety of caring for patients with blood-borne infection. Patients experience and feel discriminated against by healthcare professionals who have a stigmatizing attitude and fear of them. Patients are then at greater risk of avoiding care. What patients feel good about is when they get to meet the same staff they can get to know and that knows their history.

Conclusion: Some healthcare professionals have a stigmatizing attitude and fear of patients with blood-borne infection and this is based on the healthcare staff's knowledge and low education. Patients notice and feel discriminated against by healthcare professionals who display fear as well as a stigmatizing attitude towards them. This affects patients' care as patients avoid the care or do not receive the same care from the care staff due to their illness.

Keywords: Blood-Borne Pathogens, healthcare professionals, patient, HIV, hepatitis B & hepatits C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Blood-Borne Pathogens, healthcare professionals, patient, HIV, hepatitis B & hepatits C.
Keywords [sv]
Blodsmitta, vårdpersonal, patient, HIV, hepatit B & hepatit C
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397986OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397986DiVA, id: diva2:1374162
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-29 Created: 2019-11-29 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved

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