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The effect of artificial aging on high translucent zirconia
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
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2019 (English)In: Biomaterial Investigations in Dentistry, ISSN 2641-5275, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 54-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Zirconia is known for its high strength but lacking translucency. Recently, a new type of high translucent zirconia, 5 mol% yttria partially stabilized zirconia (5Y-PSZ), with a larger fraction of cubic zirconia phase has become commercially available. However, the resistance to aging of these commercially available zirconia materials is not yet fully established.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of artificial aging on surface roughness, transparency, phase transformation and biaxial flexural strength of two 5Y-PSZ products, DD cubeX2 and Prettau Anterior.

Materials and methods: The artificial aging was performed in an autoclave under 2 bars of pressure at 134 °C for 10 hours, which is estimated to correspond to 30–40 years in vivo. Artificial aging for 10 hours had no significant effect on surface roughness, transparency, or phase transformation for either of the tested materials.

Results: DD cubeX2 had higher mean flexural strength than Prettau Anterior both before and after artificial aging for 10 hours (p < .05). DD cubeX2 showed, however, a significant reduction in flexural strength after artificial aging (p < .05), whereas Prettau Anterior showed a slight increase in flexural strength after artificial aging but not at a significant level.

Conclusion: Within the limitation of the present study, both DD cubeX2 and Prettau Anterior seems to be relatively resistant to aging. However, a wider range of measured flexural strength indicated that Prettau Anterior probably is a less stable material than DD cubeX2, which also means that the flexural strength of DD cubeX2 could be more predictable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 1, p. 54-60
Keywords [en]
High translucent zirconia, 5Y-PSZ, aging, biaxial flexural strength, transparency, surface roughness
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Odontology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165606DOI: 10.1080/26415275.2019.1684201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165606DiVA, id: diva2:1374012
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Kou, WenGabrielsson, KlasCarlborg, MarkusMolin Thorén, Margareta
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