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Automated water mixer
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Automatisk vattenblandare (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim for this thesis is to explore the possibility to save both water and energy in showers. Through a quicker, more responsive and precise shower faucet using digital thermometers and stepper motors. A faucet has two input pipes with cold and hot water respectively. To reach a desired shower temperature; a single thermometer is needed, to measure the mixed water temperature. Using this information, two motors will control two valve until the desired temperature is reached. To maintain the desired temperature throughout the shower session, the temperature should be continuously monitored and when temperature disturbance occurs, the valves should compensate for it.

To achieve this a demonstrator was made. The demonstrator uses stepper motors connected to valves to control the flow through a hot and cold water pipe. The system reads the temperature of the output water continuously and makes appropriate changes to the position of the valves.

Due to safety concerns, no water was used in the testing of the demonstrator. The theoretical response time of the system is very short, and the demonstrator can theoretically change temperature of the mixed water by around 5°Celsius per second.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna rapport är att utforska möjligheterna att spara både vatten och energi till duschar, genom en snabbare, mer responsiv och mer exakt duschblandare. Detta ska uppnås genom användning av digitala termometrar och stegmotorer. Duschblandaren ska läsa temperaturerna av det blandade vattnet, och justera respektive kran tills önskad temperatur är uppnådd. För att bibehålla önskad temperatur kommer temperaturen kontinuerligt övervakas. När störningar i temperatur uppkommer ska duschblandaren kompensera för det, och därmed hallå en konstant temperatur.

För att åstadkomma detta byggdes en demonstrationsenhet. Denna demonstrationsenhet använder stegmotorer kopplade till kranar för att kontrollera flödet genom ett varmt och ett kallt vattenrör. Systemet läser konstant temperaturen av det blandade vattnet och gör lämpliga ändringar av kranarnas positioner.

På grund av säkerhetsrisk användes inget vatten vid testning av demonstrationsenheten. Den teoretiska responstiden av systemet är mycket kort, och demonstrationsenheten kan teoretiskt ändra temperatur av det blandade vattnet med en hastighet av ungefär 5°Celsius per sekund.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 62
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:55
Keywords [en]
Mechatronics, temperature control, flow regulation, stepper motor.
Keywords [sv]
Mekatronik, temperaturkontroll, flödesreglering, stegmotor.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-264447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-264447DiVA, id: diva2:1373563
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved

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