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Target-based visibility assessment on building envelopes: Applications to PV and cultural-heritage values
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik. (Built Environment Energy Systems Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6586-4932
Gitter AB.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik. (Built Environment Energy Systems Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4887-9547
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5682-6560
2019 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, ISSN 03787788, Vol. 204, article id 109483Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Solar energy applications have, in recent years, become a common element in the urban landscape, especially on roofs and facades. However, it is important that the integration of solar energy in the built environment do not distort the fabric or expression of the existing building envelope, not at least in areas of high cultural-heritage values. The aesthetics depend, to a large extent, on how visible the new technology, such as photovoltaic (PV) panels, is. This paper describes a method for visibility assessment of building envelopes. It is referred to as target-based as it, in contrast to previously reported methods, bases the assessment from the perspective of the building envelope itself, rather than possible vantage points on the ground. The method was evaluated for two Swedish cities; Stockholm and Visby. In Stockholm, each building was evaluated based on its cultural-heritage values, solar irradiation and visibility. Deploying PV only on the roofs with the lowest cultural-heritage values, with insolation > 900 kWh/m2, and with no visibility from ground, results in a total PV yield of up to 2% of the total electricity demand. In Visby, various definitions of the vantage area were evaluated, from which the building envelope can be seen. It was found that the choice of vantage area greatly impacts the solar energy potential. If the vantage area is defined by the public domain, i.e., streets and other public open spaces, the non-visible roof area doubles compared to if all ground/terrain defines it. Compared to previous studies, the use of a vantage area, instead of discrete vantage points, seems to result in higher visibility of the roofs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 204, article id 109483
Keywords [en]
Visibility assessment; Photovoltaics; Building preservation
National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Civil Engineering and Built Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397881DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397881DiVA, id: diva2:1373459
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 45891-1Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109483

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