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The genomic ancestry of the Scandinavian Battle Axe Culture people and their relation to the broader Corded Ware horizon
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Human Evolution. Univ Johannesburg, Ctr Anthropol Res, Dept Anthropol & Dev Studies, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6456-8055
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Human Evolution.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9460-390x
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Human Evolution.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4349-849x
Adam Mickiewia Univ Poznan, Dept Human Evolutionary Biol, Inst Anthropol, Fac Biol, Ul Uniwersytetu Poznanskiego 6, PL-61614 Poznan, Poland.
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 286, no 1912, article id 20191528Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Neolithic period is characterized by major cultural transformations and human migrations, with lasting effects across Europe. To understand the population dynamics in Neolithic Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea area, we investigate the genomes of individuals associated with the Battle Axe Culture (BAC), a Middle Neolithic complex in Scandinavia resembling the continental Corded Ware Culture (CWC). We sequenced 11 individuals (dated to 3330-1665 calibrated before common era (cal BCE)) from modern-day Sweden, Estonia, and Poland to 0.26-3.24x coverage. Three of the individuals were from CWC contexts and two from the central-Swedish BAC burial 'Bergsgraven'. By analysing these genomes together with the previously published data, we show that the BAC represents a group different from other Neolithic populations in Scandinavia, revealing stratification among cultural groups. Similar to continental CWC, the BAC-associated individuals display ancestry from the Pontic-Caspian steppe herders, as well as smaller components originating from hunter-gatherers and Early Neolithic farmers. Thus, the steppe ancestry seen in these Scandinavian BAC individuals can be explained only by migration into Scandinavia. Furthermore, we highlight the reuse of megalithic tombs of the earlier Funnel Beaker Culture (FBC) by people related to BAC. The BAC groups likely mixed with resident middle Neolithic farmers (e.g. FBC) without substantial contributions from Neolithic foragers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 286, no 1912, article id 20191528
Keywords [en]
ancient DNA, Battle Axe Culture, Corded Ware Culture, demography, European Neolithic, migration
National Category
Archaeology Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396732DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1528ISI: 000490551300007PubMedID: 31594508OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396732DiVA, id: diva2:1373310
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-02503Swedish Research Council, 2017-05267Swedish Research Council, 2013-1905Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M13-0904:1Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationBerit Wallenberg Foundation, BWS2011.0090
Note

De 2 första författarna delar förstaförfattarskapet.

Available from: 2019-11-26 Created: 2019-11-26 Last updated: 2019-11-26Bibliographically approved

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Malmström, HelenaGünther, TorstenSvensson, Emma M.Fraser, MagdalenaMunters, Arielle R.Jakobsson, Mattias
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