Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Increase of internalized mental health symptoms among adolescents during the last three decades
Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Sci Child & Adolescent Psychiat, S-90187 Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Sci Child & Adolescent Psychiat, S-90187 Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Sci Child & Adolescent Psychiat, S-90187 Umeå, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4095-7961
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 925-931Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies suggest an overall increase of adolescent mental health symptoms globally since the 1980s until today, especially an increase of internalizing symptoms in girls. Due to methodological limitations of these studies, further studies are warranted to obtain a more solid knowledgebase.

Methods: This study was cross-sectional and compared two separate but geographically identical groups of adolescents in a middle-sized industrial municipality in Northern Sweden at two time-points [(i) 1981, n = 1083, (505 girls, 577 boys), response rate 99.7%; (ii) 2014, n = 682, (338 girls, 344 boys), response rate 98.3%]. All students in their last year of compulsory school were included. The same self-report questionnaire, consisting of four sub-scales (functional somatic-, anxiety-, depressive symptoms and conduct problems), was used at both occasions. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, two-way ANOVA and general linear model.

Results: Symptoms of anxiety and depression and functional somatic symptoms, increased among both boys and girls from 1981 until 2014 (P < 0.001 for all subscales), and the increase of these symptoms was higher in girls. Conduct problems were significantly higher in boys in 1981 and decreased over time so that in 2014 there was no longer a significant difference between boys and girls regarding conduct problems (P = 0.286).

Conclusion: In this population-based study spanning over 30 years, both girls and boys showed increasing internalizing problems, while conduct problems decreased. To halt this trend, we need a deeper understanding of the impact of the major societal changes that have occurred during the last three decades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 29, no 5, p. 925-931
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396735DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz028ISI: 000491248400023PubMedID: 30859217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396735DiVA, id: diva2:1373252
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-37Västerbotten County Council, VLL-355661Available from: 2019-11-26 Created: 2019-11-26 Last updated: 2019-11-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(369 kB)13 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 369 kBChecksum SHA-512
c037a3b3acce65b7cfc359797694fe9a42b229a0f22aba3c51307c23f46146cb4e4eedb9b9301229eccf60d1d4f17552d8a9bdd6049a5531ffcd047feb7af6db
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hammarström, Anne
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
In the same journal
European Journal of Public Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 13 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 9 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf