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Burundi's rebel groups and the stigmatisation of wartime sexual violence
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Sexual Aggression, ISSN 1355-2600, E-ISSN 1742-6545, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 275-291Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite assumptions about the ubiquity of wartime sexual violence, some armed actors work hard to generate negative views of rape and other abuses. This article qualitatively explores rebel group stigmatisation (and stigma) of wartime sexual violence and prohibitive normative practices. Regularly discussed with reference to the shaming of victims or survivors, stigmatisation is nonetheless utilised here as a concept for understanding how sexual coercion is "made" deviant and consequential for potential perpetrators. Two rebel groups from Burundi's civil war (1994-2008), CNDD-FDD (National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democracy) and FNL (Palipehutu-Forces for National Liberation), are compared. The FNL stigmatised rape and sexual assault, and the nature and quality of its practices shaped negative social norms surrounding rape. The article's main contribution is to demonstrate the need to deepen and widen the evidence base on the prevention of wartime sexual violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 25, no 3, p. 275-291
Keywords [en]
Wartime rape, prevention of sexual violence, rebel group(s), military training
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Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397589DOI: 10.1080/13552600.2019.1673841ISI: 000494296300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397589DiVA, id: diva2:1372614
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-03094Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-25 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved

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