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Hur personer med schizofreni upplever relationen till hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal inom den psykiatriska vården.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Studier har visat att hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal har ett stigmatiserande förhållningssätt gentemot personer med schizofreni. Syfte: Att beskriva hur personer med schizofreni upplever relationen till hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal inom den psykiatriska vården. Metod: Arbetet har en beskrivande design med litteraturöversikt med systematisk ansats och baseras på åtta kvalitativa originalartiklar. Resultat: Det framkom sex kategorier: Kommunikation, diskriminering och stigmatisering, närvaro och tillgänglighet, tvång och ofrihet, delaktighet och meningsfullhet, och säkerhet och trygghet. Resultatet visar att patienterna upplevde goda och dåliga relationer till hälso-och sjukvårdspersonalen. De beskrev att en god relation upplevdes då det fanns god kommunikation, förtroende, delaktighet och trygghet. Dåliga relation upplevdes vid tvång, hot och dålig kommunikation mellan patient och hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal.   Slutsats: En god relation är fundamentalt viktig för patientens välbefinnande och vård. Det behövs mer undervisning till hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal om hur de bör bemöta personer med schizofreni. Vidare forsknings behövs dock då det var svårt att finna artiklar inom samma ämne som var från de närmsta tio åren.

Abstract [en]

Background: Studies have shown that health personnel have a stigmatizing approach towards people with schizophrenia. Aim: To describe how people with schizophrenia experience the relation to health personnel within psychiatric care. Method: This study has a descriptive design with a literature review with a systematic approach, and is based on eight qualitative original articles. Results: Six categories were identified: Communication, discrimination, presence and availability, coercion and lack of freedom, participation and meaningfulness and safety and security. The results show that patients experience both good and bad relations to health personnel. Good relations took place when patients experienced good communication, trust, participation and security. Bad relations took place when patients experienced coercion, threats and bad communication. Conclusion: A good relation is fundamentally important for the patient’s wellbeing and care. More education on how health personnel establish a good relation with patients with schizophrenia is necessary. However, further research is needed on the subject, since articles published within the past ten years were difficult to find. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Schizophrenia, Experiences, Relation, Health personnel, Literature study
Keywords [sv]
Schizofreni, Upplevelser, Relation, Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, Litteraturstudie.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397717DiVA, id: diva2:1372476
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-24 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved

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