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Effekter av och användningsområden för djurassisterade aktiviteter: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige började organiserade djurassisterade aktiviteter användas på 1950-talet. Det används idag inom flertalet områden och fler behandlingsmetoder som involverar djur är under utveckling. I dagsläget saknas det nationella riktlinjer och rekommendationer kring applikationsområden. Detta gör att djurassisterade aktiviteter förmodligen har potential till fler och bredare användningsområden inom omvårdnad. Syfte: Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att undersöka inom vilka omvårdnadsområden djurassisterade aktiviteter har psykologiska samt fysiologiska effekter. Metod: Detta arbete är utformat som en systematisk litteraturstudie. De 13 studier som inkluderats har haft en kvantitativ ansats och har publicerats mellan 2009–2019. Samtliga studier har identifierats via PubMeds databas. Studierna har sedan analyserats utifrån en steg för steg metod i fem steg. Resultat: Effekter har setts inom ett flertal olika områden och med olika resultat. De mest omfattande effekterna har funnits inom vård av demenssjuka och inom äldreomsorg. Effekter som generellt förekommer är minskade depressionssymtom, förbättrad kognition, sänkta kortisolnivåer, upplevd förbättrad livskvalitet och minskad oro. Slutsats: Djurassisterade aktiviteter bör ses som ett komplement till sedvanlig vård och generell behandling. Inom vården av demenssjuka skulle många patienter gynnas av utökade djurassisterade aktiviteter. I områden som psykiatri, pediatrik och smärttillstånd kan patienter gynnas av djurassisterade aktiviteter, men fler studier med större, mer heterogena undersökningsgrupper behövs för att fastställa evidensunderlag.

Abstract [en]

Background: Animals have in Sweden been used in caregiving since the 1950´s. Today it is used in several areas and more treatments including animals are under development. Guidelines and recommendations about applications and usage have not been developed in Sweden. There are good possibilities that animal-assisted activity has the potential for more and wider usage in nursing. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to examine in which nursing areas animal assisted activities had physiological and psychological effects. Method: This bachelor thesis was designed as a systematic literature review based on 13 studies published from 2009 to 2019. All studies were acquired from the PubMed database and had a quantitative approach. The studies were later analysed thru a step by step method. Results: Effects have been showed in several areas. The most significant results have been found in care of patients diagnosed with dementia and in geriatric care. Effects that generally occur are decreased symptoms of depression, improved cognition, lower cortisol levels, perceived improved quality of life and decreased anxiety. Conclusion: Animal assisted activities could be used as a promoting addition to ordinary care but should not be used as a detached treatment. The most studied area within healthcare is different kinds of cognitive impairment, mostly patients diagnosed with dementia. Other areas of healthcare where animal assisted activities appear to have good effects both on physiological and psychological factors are different kind of psychiatric diagnoses, pain-management and paediatrics, but in these areas more research with a larger, more heterogenic population needs to be done to fully evaluate the effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
animal assisted therapy, litterature review, nursing
Keywords [sv]
Djurassisterade aktiviteter, litteraturöversikt, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397702DiVA, id: diva2:1372458
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-23 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved

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