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Successfully Utilising RPA
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Framgångsrik Användning av RPA (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

This thesis aimed to study how Robotic Process Automation (RPA) can be successfully utilised by a large international company. By adopting a single case-study research approach the author have examined a large international company's utilisation of RPA; what value it associates with the technology, together with bottlenecks and risks that may prevent the company from receiving such value. The case-intrinsic focus rendered a comprehensive set of findings in relation to the research target, which was then compared and contrasted to a thoroughly established theoretical background. The study can report a relative high degree of correspondence with previous research, although important data points either find little bearing or none at all in said research. Most notably, the case-company viewed value associated with RPA utilisation to go beyond immediate yields and thus identified incentives from indirect value. Furthermore, obstacles like inefficient communication and coordination networks, together with lack of time and low-quality development, were identified as significant findings with little base in previous research. In conclusion the study claim to have provided a deeper understanding of key features and concepts necessary to consider for successful RPA utilisation.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera hur Robotic Process Automation (RPA) kan framgångsrikt användas av ett stort internationellt bolag. Genom att anamma en fallstudie (single-case study) som forskningsansats har författaren undersökt ett stort internationellt bolags användning av RPA; vad för värde bolaget associerar med teknologin, samt vilka flaskhalsar och risker som kan förhindra bolaget att uppnå detta värde. Med ett intrinsikalt fokus på det enskilda fallet renderades ett omfattande set av forskningsresultat i relation till forskningssyftet. Studien kan rapportera en relativt hög korrespondensgrad gentemot tidigare forskning, även om signifikanta datapunkter antingen finner lite uppbackning eller ingen alls i tidigare forskning. Mest anmärkningsvärt, i relation till värde, är att bolaget anser värdet med RPA-användning sträcka sig förbi omedelbara effekter. Således finner bolaget incitament från indirekt värde. Även flaskhalsar och risker så som ineffektiv kommunikation och koordination, samt tidsbrist och lågkvalitativ RPA-utveckling, identifierades som signifikanta forskningsresultat med lite uppbackning i tidigare forskning. Sammanfattningsvist menar studien på att ha bidragit till en djupare förståelse av nödvändiga koncept att överväga för en framgångsrik användning av RPA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 92
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:285
Keywords [en]
Robotic Process Automation; RPA; Service Automation; Single-case study; Value; Bottlenecks and Risks.
Keywords [sv]
Robotic Process Automation; RPA; Service Automation; Fallstudie; Värde; Flaskhalsar och Risker.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-264128OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-264128DiVA, id: diva2:1372201
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-22 Created: 2019-11-22 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved

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