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Bomull eller alger: En jämförelse av materialens miljöpåverkan samt dess egenskaper
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development/Sustainability is used as a subject keyword for the thesis
Alternative title
Cotton or algae : A comparison of the materials environmental impact and its characteristics (English)
Abstract [sv]

Nya ideer, ny teknik och nya fibrer, möjligheterna är oändliga. Det krävs att den textila industrin förändras för att stoppa de farliga miljöutsläpp som sker idag. Bomull är ett av de mest använda och populära material på grund av dess egenskaper. Trots den stora utveckling som har skett, är miljövänlig bomull fortfarande ett icke hållbart material. Ny forskning har visat att alger kan bearbetas och bilda, tack vare sin cellulosa, ett textilt material.

Denna studie syftar till att ta reda på huruvida textilt material baserat på algers cellulosa och bomull skiljer sig åt i dess egenskaper. Undersökningen innefattar också en miljömässig analys som presenterar om ett materiellt byte från bomull till alger är önskvärt.

Resultatet har tagits fram tack vare en litteraturstudie samt en mailintervju med ett forskningsföretag som arbetar med att framställa textila material baserat på algers cellulosa. Det har tydligt framgått att framställningen av ett textilt material baserat på algens cellulosa är en mer miljövänlig process än att tillverka textilt material av bomull. Resultatet har också visat att det finns en del gemensamma egenskaper mellan materialen men även egenskaper som skiljer dem åt.

Studien har tydligt visat att alger kan vara en del av framtidens fibrer, dock krävs det fortsatt forskning inom området för att det verkligen ska bli ett material att räkna med.

Abstract [en]

New ideas, new technologies and new fibers, the possibilities are endless. It is necessary that the textile industry change to stop the hazardous environmental emissions that are currently taking place. Cotton is one of the most widely used and popular material because of its characteristics. Despite the great developments that have taken place for more environmentally friendly cotton, it is still an unsustainable material. New research has shown that algae can be processed and formed thanks to its cellulose, into a textile material.

This study aims to find out whether textile materials based on algae cellulose and cotton differ in its properties. The survey also contains an environmental analysis that presents whether a material change from cotton to algae is desirable.

The result has been produced thanks to a literature study and an interview with a research company that works with producing textile material based on algae cellulose. It has been cleared that producing a textile material based on algae cellulose is a more environmentally friendly process than making textile materials from cotton. The result has also shown that there are some common properties between the materials, but also properties that distinguish them.

The study has clearly shown that algae can be a part of the future fibers. However, continued research in the area is needed for it to really become a material to count on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Cotton characteristics, Algae characteristics, Cotton or Algae, Environmental impact of cotton and algae
Keywords [sv]
Bomullens egenskaper, algers egenskaper, bomull eller alger, alger och bomullens påverkan på miljön
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-22076DiVA, id: diva2:1372016
Subject / course
Textilteknologi
Available from: 2019-11-22 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved

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