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Att ge amningsstöd på barnavårdscentralen: En intervjustudie om distriktssköterskans erfarenhet
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Amningsfrekvensen sjunker trots att forskningen visar på fördelar med amning. Flertalet faktorer påverkar mammans val att amma. Distriktssköterskan på barnavårdscentralen ska stödja föräldrar i föräldraskapet för att gynna en allsidig utveckling för barnet. 

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa distriktssköterskans erfarenheter av att ge amningsstöd på barnavårdscentralen.

Metod: En kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats tillämpades i studien. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio distriktssköterskor på barnavårdscentralen. Utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys analyserades det insamlade materialet.

Resultat: Huvudfynden för studien var att flera aspekter inverkade på amningens utfall. Amningsstöd var viktigt för att etablera amning eftersom amning kunde medföra utmaningar för mamman. Slutligen belystes utmaningar för distriktssköterskan när amningsstöd skulle ges, så som tidsbrist, kunskapsbehov och vikten av att vara lyhörd inför mamman. 

Slutsats: Amning är komplicerat och mamman har inte alltid en bild av amning som speglar verkligheten. Distriktssköterskan har en viktig roll att stötta mamman till en fungerande amning. Tidsbrist, ej samstämmiga amningsråd och brist på fortbildning skapar utmaningar för distriktssköterskan i att ge amningsstöd

Abstract [en]

Background: Even if research show that breastfeeding has positive health effects the breast feeding rates are declining. Many factors influence the mothers’ choice in breastfeeding. The District Nurses role at the child health care center is to support parents in parenthood to promote all around healthy development for the child. 

Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the District Nurses experience of giving breastfeeding support at the child health care center. 

Method: A qualitative method with an inductive approach was used for the study. The data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews with ten District Nurses at the child health center. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the gathered material. 

Findings: The key findings for the study was that many aspects had an impact on the mothers’ choice to breastfeed. Breastfeeding support was important to establish breastfeeding because with breastfeeding challenges arose for the mother. There were also challenges for the District Nurse in the shape of lack of time, need of knowledge and the importance in being perceptive of the mothers needs. 

Conclusion: The conclusion shows that breastfeeding is complicated and the mother doesn’t always have a reality-based image of breastfeeding. The District Nurse has a key role in supporting the mother to breastfeed successfully. Lack of time, inconclusive breastfeeding advice and lack of continuous education created challenges to give breastfeeding support for the District Nurse. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 49
Keywords [en]
Breastfeeding, District Nurse, Support, Breastfeeding difficulties, Child Health Care
Keywords [sv]
Amning, distriktssköterska, stöd, amningssvårigheter, barnhälsovård 
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90215OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-90215DiVA, id: diva2:1371927
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved

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