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Singaporemodellen: -en inkluderande modell?
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Singapore Model : -An Inclusive Model? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Utgångspunkten för denna studie har varit Singaporemodellens undervisningssätt i en svensk kontext i förhållande till frasen En skola för alla med fokus på inkludering av alla elever i matematikundervisningen. Syftet med studien har varit att med hjälp videoobservationer undersöka Singaporemodellens inkluderande arbetssätt i praktisk verksamhet utifrån de tre inkluderingsbegreppen dynamisk inkludering, innehållsinkludering och deltagande inkludering. Studien har utgått från tre frågeställningar. Hur ser organisationen av undervisningen ut ur ett inkluderingsperspektiv i samband med matematiklektioner som utgår från Singaporemodellen? Hur representeras och bearbetas det matematiska innehållet ur ett inkluderingsperspektiv i samband med matematiklektioner som utgår från Singaporemodellen? Hur ser deltagandet ut ur ett inkluderingsperspektiv i samband med matematiklektioner som utgår från Singaporemodellen? 

Studien inleds med en beskrivning av frasen En skola för alla följt av en generell beskrivning av inkluderingsbegreppet. Sedan beskrivs olika aspekter av inkludering i matematikundervisningen, följt av en beskrivning av Singaporemodellen. Vidare beskrivs och diskuteras kulturella skillnader mellan Singapore och västvärlden. De som har deltagit i observationerna är tre skolklasser i årskurs 1-3. Resultatet visade att Singaporemodellen lägger stor vikt vid muntlig undervisning med stöd av konkreta och visuella representationer. Slutsatsen av studien  utifrån den undervisning som observerades är att Singaporemodellen är en modell att utgå ifrån vad gäller inkludering av alla elever i matematikundervisningen men att ytterligare lösningar utanför Singaporemodellens ram kan behövas för att tillgodose alla elevers behov. En annan slutsats är att lärarens förmåga att fånga elevernas intresse spelar stor roll för Singaporemodellen som inkluderande modell.  

Abstract [en]

This study departs from the Singapore model's teaching method in a Swedish context in relation to the term “A school for all”, focusing on the inclusion of all students in mathematics education. The purpose of the study was to use video observations to examine the Singapore model's inclusive approach in practice based on the three concepts of inclusion: dynamic inclusion, content inclusion and participatory inclusion.

The study departed from three research questions: What does the organisation of teaching look like from an inclusion perspective in mathematics lessons based on the Singapore model? How is the mathematical content represented and processed from an inclusion perspective in mathematics lessons based on the Singapore model? What does participation look like from an inclusion perspective in mathematics lessons based on the Singapore model?

The study begins with an account of the term “A school for all”, followed by a general description of the concept of inclusion. This is followed by a description of various aspects of inclusion in mathematics education and a description of the Singapore model. Furthermore, cultural differences between Singapore and the western world are described and discussed.

The observations included three school classes in grades 1-3. Based on the observations, the study found that the Singapore model places great importance in verbal teaching with the support of concrete and visual presentations. The study concludes that the Singapore model can be assumed from the inclusion of all students in mathematics education, but that further solutions outside the framework of the Singapore model may be needed in order to meet the needs of all students. Another conclusion is that the teacher's ability to capture students' interest plays a significant role for the Singapore model as an inclusive model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
The Singapore Model, Inclusion, Mathematical Education, Communication
Keywords [sv]
Singaoremodellen, Inkludering, Matematikundervisning, Kommunikation
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90183OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-90183DiVA, id: diva2:1371803
Educational program
Speciallärarprogrammet Specialisering mot matematikutveckling
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Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved

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