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The GDPR Compliance of Blockchain: A qualitative study on regulating innovative technology
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computer Systems.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis aims to explore the compliance of blockchain technology and the GDPR. The GDPR was implemented for the EU member states in May 2018 with the purpose of harmonizing data protection regulation. However, the regulation is based on the notion that data is stored and processed in a centralized system. This causes an issue when it comes to distributed networks, and in particular with the distributed ledger technology (DLT), the underlying technology of blockchain.

For this thesis, a literature review has been conducted to investigate the problems of GDPR compliance for blockchain projects, and what technical solutions exist to make a blockchain solution more GDPR compliant. In addition, interviews have been conducted to investigate the technical and legal perspectives on the current and future situations of regulation and technology.

Compatibility problems mainly concern the immutability and transparency of a blockchain and examples of technical solutions that handle those problems can be found in the literature. Nevertheless, none of the discussed solutions are yet to guarantee full GDPR compliance. The technical and legal perspectives share ideas of the main compliance issues. However, differences such as interpretation of technical details can be identified, indicating problems to arise when regulating blockchains in the future. Further interdisciplinary work on guidelines for the GDPR is necessary for blockchain projects to be successful in complying with the regulation as well as to strengthen the technology neutrality of the GDPR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 64
Series
UPTEC STS, ISSN 1650-8319 ; 19046
Keywords [en]
Blockchain, GDPR compliance, regulating technology, interdisciplinary perspectives, distributed ledger technology, compatibility
Keywords [sv]
Blockkedjor, GDPR, reglera teknik, tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv, distribuerad decentraliserad databas, kompatibilitet
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397163OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397163DiVA, id: diva2:1370599
External cooperation
SimpliCITY
Educational program
Systems in Technology and Society Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-18 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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