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Hälsofrämjande för äldre - lindring av depressiva symtom.: En litteraturöversikt.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Depression är lika vanligt som demens hos äldre, men ofta inte lika studerat eller diskuterat. I dagsläget finns det flertalet olika bedömningsformulär för att finna dessa patienter men depression hos äldre är ofta odiagnostiserat. Konsekvenserna med en depression i sen ålder kan vara mycket ogynnsamma, både för individen och samhället. Allt eftersom den äldre befolkningen kommer att öka så kommer även depression att öka.Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka olika metoder för att lindra depressiva symtom hos den äldre befolkningen. Metod: Beskrivande design med litteraturöversikt med systematisk ansats som metod.Resultat: Tolv originalartiklar med kvantitativ experimentell metod inkluderades. Fyra artiklar tog upp självhjälp och hjälp till självhjälp av olika slag som intervention, fyra tog upp fysisk aktivitet som intervention, två tog upp KBT som intervention, en använde samtalsterapi som intervention och två artiklar hamnade under mer än en underrubrik. Nio av artiklarna hade interventioner som visade sig fungera för att lindra depressiva symtom. Slutsats: Att kombinera motion med socialt umgänge, rätt kost och en aktiv vardag kan lindra depressiva symtom i stor utsträckning. Det viktigaste arbetet borde vara att upptäcka och börja sätta in åtgärder i ett tidigt skede, för att förhindra att en depression utvecklas. Detta kan leda till minskat lidande för patienten och minskade kostnader för samhället.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Depression is as common as dementia in the elderly, but often not as well studied or discussed. At present, there are several different assessment forms for finding these patients, but depression in the elderly is often undiagnosed. The consequences of a late-age depression can be vary unfavorable, both for the individual and society. As the older population increases, so will depression. Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate various methods to relieve depressive symptoms in the elderly population. Methods: Descriptive design with literature review with systematic approach as method. Results: Twelve original articles with a quantitative experimental method were included. Four articles addressed self-help and self-help of various kinds as intervention, four took up physical activity as intervention, two took up KBT as intervention, one used conversational therapy as intervention and two articles ended up with more than one sub-heading. Nine of the articles had interventions that were found to work to relieve depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Combining exercise with social interaction, the right diet and an active everyday life can greatly alleviate depressive symptoms. However, the most important work should be to discover and take measures at an early stage, to prevent a depression to develop. This can lead to reduced suffering for the patient and reduced costs for society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Aged, preventive health service, depressive disorder and mental health
Keywords [sv]
Äldre, prevention, intervention, depression och psykisk ohälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397093DiVA, id: diva2:1370407
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved

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