Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
CONCURRENT INTERNET OF THINGS PROTOCOL STACKS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This work presents the design and implementation of a firmware prototype that allows multiple Internet Of Things (IoT) protocols to coexist such that they share a single radio. 6LoWPAN over Time Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH) and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) are the two network protocols that are explored in this work. 6LoWPAN over TSCH forms a mesh network of low power embedded devices so that they are globally accessible through their IPv6 addresses. BLE is suitable for the direct connectivity between devices in short radio ranges. Sharing a single radio between diverse protocols is challenging since protocols access the radio in different modes and with different time patterns. The proposed architecture uses radio abstraction layer for dynamically sharing the radio based on the priority of the requests. Furthermore, concurrent operation of protocols is achieved with the help of priority based multitasking of Micrium operating system. Finally, the time critical operations of the TSCH and the radio abstraction module are handled with nested interrupts. The implementation of the firmware is evaluated with mainly two types of experiments. Overall, it is observed from the experiments that both protocols can coexist concurrently and can maintain their connections. In one set of experiments, periodic data is sent over both protocols every 5 seconds (with small random jitter). Basically these experiments involve small data traffic on both protocols. It is observed that the protocol with lower radio priority degrades in performance. Approximately 10% of the packets need re-transmissions, and thus have more latency for the protocol with lower radio priority. The second set of experiments involve file transfers over 3 hops using 6LoWPAN, while one of the middle nodes (acting as a router for the file transfer) also carries BLE session comprising of 17 BLE activities. It is observed that the mean file transfer time with BLE session is delayed compared to the no BLE case. The delay is less than the duration of the two active TSCH slots. This architecture is suitable for sharing a single radio where the network traffic is sparse. This architecture allows small embedded devices with a single radio to be accessible across many protocols without any modifications to the protocol standards. Although the performance degrades in the simultaneous operations, the protocols still keep their respective connections and complete their operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 90
Series
IT ; 19070
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397010DiVA, id: diva2:1370035
Educational program
Masters Programme in Embedded Systems
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(8345 kB)34 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 8345 kBChecksum SHA-512
6dcb4419cf3fe1461fa3f992f8a258c3d6b0402a671635a93cd4554fb37f4485e2637b96ae48079da310e9e4acf27a404d457ff25da2d768e2e1a9713fb3a36e
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Information Technology
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 34 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 26 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf