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Retrofitting Accessibility in a Rapidly Expanding City: The Case of Bus Rapid Transit and Transit-Oriented Development in Dar es Salaam
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Anpassning för tillgänglighet i snabbt växande städer : Bus Rapid Transit och Transit-Oriented Development i Dar es Salaam (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Urbanisation is a global trend, but in recent decades it has been occurring at particularly high rates in the Global South. Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are facing a number of challenges as their populations grow, and among these, urban accessibility stands out as one of the most difficult to contend with. Meeting this challenge will require new solutions, and recently Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) have emerged as two potentially revolutionary innovations, especially when combined. In 2016, Dar es Salaam launched a BRT system, and in 2017 it introduced a TOD strategy in order to combat the city’s urban accessibility crisis. This study investigates the urban form at and around BRT stations in order to characterise BRT-TOD in the city and extract lessons for future implementations of BRT-TOD in Dar es Salaam and beyond. The investigation was carried out within the framework of urban morphology. It was found that at locations in the city centre, BRT has generally been able to integrate seamlessly into the built environment and achieve many of the core principles of TOD. In the rest of the city, however, BRT acts simply as a form of transit, with stations generally removed from the urban fabric and the local place. Some general issues are the large building setback, the number of informal vendors, private transport operators, exclusive new developments, lack of public spaces, the low quality of the pedestrian environment and the reinforcement of unsustainable forms of urban sprawl. This study aims to contribute to a growing discussion of sustainable urban accessibility solutions in the rapidly expanding cities of the Global South.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19657
Keywords [en]
BRT, TOD, Accessibility, Integration, Stations
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263749OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263749DiVA, id: diva2:1369445
Subject / course
Urban and Regional Planning; Urban and Regional Planning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Energy and Environment; Degree of Master - Sustainable Urban Planning and Design
Presentation
2019-09-05, 00:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-06 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved

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a7dcd0fa2254ffaeec9fe352e189ab66c48c32151b3a1e260061f14156f727e00f3d39ac630b9b34962d7f1241d1bf7e574baf59c2a2366a43e0c77500868a33
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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