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Hydrological Characteristics of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Consultant Engineer, Norrköping, Sweden.
University of Kurdistan, Hewler, KRG, Iraq. Private Consultant Geologist, Erbil, Iraq. .
2019 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Middle East is considered as an arid to a semi-arid region where the annual rainfall does not exceed 166 mm/y. Water shortage issue within this area is one of the prime issues of friction and tension between the countries of the Middle East. Iraq is located within the Middle East. It covers an area 437072 square kilometer with a population of 38.27 million.  Iraq used to be considered rich in its water resources due to the presence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The catchments of these rivers are shared with Turkey, Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Building of dams in the upper parts of the catchment since the seventies as well as climate change affecting the region caused water shortage problems in Iraq. The flow of the two main rivers decreased tremendously. To overcome this problem, prudent water management plan is required. Such plan should include the use of non-conventional water resources, new irrigation techniques, public awareness, and new water management strategies.  This will help to reduce the impact of water shortage problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Scientific Press International Limited , 2019. Vol. 9, no 4, p. 1-26
Keywords [en]
Tigris River; Euphrates River; Iraq
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76682DiVA, id: diva2:1369432
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 1;2019-11-15 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved

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