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How do Museums Affect Sacredness?: Three Suggested Models
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM. Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. (EMoDiR Research group)
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses what happens when religion in the shape of objects imbued with religious meaning is transformed into cultural heritage, suggesting three models to discuss its consequences for museums.The first model builds on the museum as a killing of previous identities, and the objects as provided with new identities as museum objects. A second model is the hybrid identity, where a museum object can possess several identities simultaneously, depending on the eyes of the beholder: sacredness, art object, or evidence of history. The third model is defined by the uses of objects. Distinguishing between cultual use and cultural use is crucial here. I argue that these different approaches to sacred objects in museum pose different museological challenges and possibilities, and also ascribes different agencies to museum staff as well as to the visitors.

Abstract [fr]

Cet article traite de ce qui se passe lorsque la religion se transforme en patrimoine culturel sous la forme d’objets imprégnés d’une signification religieuse. Il propose trois modèles pour discuter de ses conséquences pour les musées. Le premier modèle s’appuie sur le musée pour détruireles identités précédentes, les objets étant dotés de nouvelles identités en tant qu’objets de musée. Le second modèle est hybride, un objet de musée pouvant posséder plusieurs identités simultanément, selon les yeux du spectateur : caractère sacré, objet d’art ou preuve de l’histoire. Le troisième modèle est défini par les différentes utilisations des objets. La distinction entre usage cultuel et usage culturel est cruciale ici. Je soutiens que ces différentes approches des objets sacrés dans les musées posent des défis et des possibilités muséologiques différents, et attribuent également différentes agences au personnel du musée ainsi qu’aux visiteurs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris, 2019. Vol. 47, no 1-2, p. 191-208
Keywords [en]
heritage, religious heritage, museology, museums, zombie identity
Keywords [fr]
Patrimoine, Patrimoine religieux, Patrimonialisation, Maté-rialité, Identité zombie
Keywords [sv]
museologi, religiöst kulturarv, kulturarv, museer, zombieidentitet
National Category
Cultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396565OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-396565DiVA, id: diva2:1368276
Conference
International Symposium of ICOFOM, Tehran, IRANMuseology and the Sacred, 15-19 October 2018
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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