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Optimization of Large-scale Production of Rural Housing Project inMozambique with Sustainability in Focus
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

With a huge house deficit of around two million units in Mozambique, which is equivalent to approximately 13.5 million people in need of a proper home, the demand of housing is both urgent and overdue. This master thesis was conducted with the non-profit organization, Project Vita, through a Minor Field Study in Linga Linga, where the main purpose was to help Project Vita by creating an overview of rural house development. The aim of this project was to create an overview of how a large-scale production of 20 adobe houses in Linga Linga would be presented in terms of economic, social and environmental aspects. By first, analyze the current situation of the building process and determine potential improvement. Then, do an evaluation of the future project of 20 houses, by doing a social evaluation, cost estimation list and ecological footprint assessment. This was completed by using a mixed method approach, with the mix of both observation and interviews. The result of this study presented a few suggestions of improvements of the building sequence and implantation of more efficient method such as warehouse, daily meeting, etc. For the social aspect, the result showed that this project would be Very social sustainable. The evaluation of ecological footprint results in that Project Vita is focusing and reducing the energy footprint and food footprint. Lastly, through a cost estimation list it gave a result of 20 houses would cost around

1 22 3297 MZN (192 975 SEK).

Abstract [sv]

Med en stor bostadsbrist på cirka två miljoner enheter i Moçambique, vilket motsvarar att det är cirka 13,5 miljoner människor som behöver ett ordentligt hem, är efterfrågan på bostäder både i stort behov och brådskande. Detta examensarbete genomfördes tillsammans med den ideella organisationen, Project Vita, utifrån en Minor Field studie i Linga Linga, där huvudsyftet var att hjälpa Project Vita genom att skapa en översikt över landsbygdsutveckling. Syftet med detta projekt var att skapa en översikt över hur ett projekt med en storskalig produktion bestående av 20 lerhus i Linga Linga skulle presenteras utifrån ekonomiska, sociala och miljömässiga aspekter. Först analyserades byggnadsprocessens nuvarande situation där potentiella förbättringar framställdes. Sedan gjordes en utvärdering av det framtida projektet med 20 hus genom att göra en social utvärdering, lista över kostnadsberäkningar samt ekologiskt fotavtryck. Detta genomfördes genom att använda en mix av metoder där observationer och intervjuer togs vid. Resultatet av denna studie redogörs med några förbättringsförslag av byggprocessen samt en del effektiva åtgärder som t.ex. lager, dagliga möten, etc. Utifrån den sociala aspekten visade resultatet att detta projekt skulle vara mycket socialt hållbart. Utvärderingen av ekologiskt fotavtryck resulterade i att Project vita fokuserar och minskar inom energi fotavtryck samt mat fotavtryck. Slutligen, genom en kostnadsberäkningslista gav det ett resultat att 20 lerhus skulle kosta cirka 1 22 3297 MZN (192 975 SEK).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 65
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:159
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263315DiVA, id: diva2:1368152
Subject / course
Production Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science - Production Engineering and Management
Presentation
2019-10-25, 00:00
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved

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