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Work ability and productivity among dentists: associations with musculoskeletal pain, stress, and sleep
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4443-6960
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2365-4598
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2359-509x
Department of Research and Development, Sundsvall, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Work ability can be measured by the work ability index (WAI), and work-related questions measuring productivity loss in terms of quality and quantity of work. Dentists have high occupational risk of musculoskeletal pain and the exposure of ergonomic strain is already high during dental education. The aim was to evaluate work ability and productivity among dentists, and to identify gender differences and associations with sleep, stress, and reported frequent pain.

Methods: The study population comprised 187 dentists (123 women and 64 men) who had been working as dentists between 5 and 12 years. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding sleep, stress, presence of pain at different sites, work ability assessed by WAI, and productivity in terms of quality and quantity of work.

Results: Poor sleep quality and high level of stress were reported by 31% and 48.1% of participants, respectively, with no gender differences and no association with age. The prevalence of frequent pain ranged 6.4–46.5% with shoulders being the most prevalent site. Thirty-three percent reported reduced work ability. Poor sleep, high amount of stress, and multi-site pain were associated with decreased work ability.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of pain was shown among dentists. Decreased work ability in terms of productivity loss was associated with poor sleep quality, high amount of stress, and multi-site pain. Preventive actions at the workplace should promote good musculoskeletal health, and measures taken, both individual and organizational, to minimize the risk of high, persistent stress and work-related pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Dentist, Pain, Productivity, Sleep, Stress, Work ability
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164959DOI: 10.1007/s00420-019-01478-5ISI: 000492568400001PubMedID: 31654126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164959DiVA, id: diva2:1368123
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Västerbotten County CouncilAvailable from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-19

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Marklund, SusannaStorm Mienna, ChristinaWahlström, JensWiesinger, Birgitta
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