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The effect of pre-stressing location on punching shear capacity of concrete flat slabs
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

        Implementing pre-stressing cables is a viable option aiming at controlling deformation and cracking of concrete flat slabs in serviceability limit state. The pre-stressing cables also contribute to punching shear capacity of the slab when they are located in vicinity of the column. The positive influence of pre-stressing cables on punching capacity of the concrete slabs is mainly due to the vertical component of inclined cables, compressive in-plane stresses and counter acting bending moments near the support region. The method presented in Eurocode 2 to determine the punching capacity of the pre-stressed concrete flat slabs considers the in-plane compressive stresses but totally neglects the effect of counter acting moments. The effect of vertical forces introduced by inclined cables is only considered when they are within the distance 2d from the face of the column. This area is called basic control area in the Eurocode 2.

In this master thesis nonlinear finite element analysis is carried out to study the effect of pre-stressing cables on punching shear capacity of concrete slabs respecting the distance of cables from the face of the column. To attain this objective, the concrete damage plasticity model is implemented to model the concrete. The results indicate that until the distance of 6d from the face of the column the contribution of pre-stressing cables in punching shear capacity of slabs is significant. Furthermore, comparing the numerical results with the punching shear capacity of slabs predicted by Eurocode 2 reveals that Eurocode tremendously underestimates the punching shear capacity when the cables are located outside the basic control area. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19686
Keywords [en]
Concrete flat slabs, Concrete damage plasticity model, Eurocode 2, Nonlinear finite element analysis, Punching capacity, Pre-stressing cables
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263243DiVA, id: diva2:1367686
External cooperation
CBI betonginstitutet
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04

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CiteExportLink to record
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