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Exploring the relation between ICT use and stress.: Development of a concept to reduce smartphone use in bed at night.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Utforskande av sambandet mellan användande av ICT och stress. : Utveckling av ett koncept för att minska smartphoneanvändande i sängen på kvällen. (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Digitalization has affected and changed society in many ways, and the use of ICT and smartphones has increased drastically over the last years. The two research questions that were addressed in this Master Thesis Project were: 1. Is there a connection between ICT use and stress? and 2. How can we help people to limit or reduce their smartphone use in bed at night?

The project was divided into two parts, one research part (1) and one design development part (2), each with its own research question. Methods applied in the project included Design Research, Human-Centered Design and a Soma Design approach. An extensive background research and user studies, including deep interviews and a survey, both answered the first research question and led to the formulation of the second one.

To answer the second research question four different concepts were developed, tested as trigger material and evaluated through a SWOT analysis. The concept that was chosen to be further developed, a massage pillow controlled by moving a smartphone around, was developed into a functional prototype. The purpose of the prototype was to give the user an experience as close to the real one as possible. Based on the prototype, a final concept of the massage pillow, called “Avkopplad”, was created.

The answer to the first research question was that yes, there is a connection between ICT use and stress. The second research question was answered by the final concept, although further development and tests of it are necessary to confirm the answer.

Abstract [sv]

Digitaliseringen har påverkat och förändrat samhället på många sätt, och användandet av ICT och smartphones har ökat drastiskt under de senaste åren. De två forskningsfrågor som det här examensarbetet ämnade besvara var 1. Finns det en koppling mellan användande av ICT och stress? och 2. Hur kan vi hjälpa människor att begränsa eller minska sitt användande av smartphones i sängen på kvällen?

Projektet bestod av två delar, en forskningsdel (1) och en designutvecklingsdel (2), båda med sin respektive forskningsfråga. Några av metoderna som användes i projektet var Design Research, Human-Centered Design och Soma Design. En omfattande bakgrundsresearch och användarstudier, såsom djupintervjuer och en enkät, både besvarade den första forskningsfrågan och ledde till formuleringen av den andra frågan.

Fyra olika koncept togs fram, testades och utvärderades med SWOT-analys för att besvara den andra forskningsfrågan. En funktionell prototyp togs fram för det utvalda konceptet, en massagekudde styrd av hur användaren rör på sin smartphone. Syftet med prototypen var att skapa en upplevelse som så mycket som möjligt liknade den tänkta riktiga upplevelsen. Utifrån prototypen skapades slutkonceptet ”Avkopplad”. Svaret på den första forskningsfrågan var att ja, det finns en koppling mellan användande av ICT och stress. Den andra forskningsfrågan besvarades med slutkonceptet, men ytterligare tester och utveckling krävs för att bekräfta svaret.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 116
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX
Keywords [en]
ICT, stress, smartphone, sleep, Soma Design, Design Research.
Keywords [sv]
ICT, stress, smartphone, sömn, Soma Design, Design Research.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-263239DiVA, id: diva2:1367644
External cooperation
Green Leap
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved

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