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Legality and Democratic Deliberation in Black Box Policing
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4642-3872
2019 (English)In: Technology and Regulation, ISSN 2666-139X, p. 35-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The injection of emerging technologies into policing implies that policing mandates in law may become mediated and applied through opaque machine learning algorithms, artificial intelligence, or surveillance tools – contributing to a form of ‘black box policing’ challenging foreseeability and clarity and expanding discretionary legal spaces. In this paper, this issue is explored from a constitutional and rule of law perspective, using the requirements of qualitative legality elaborated by the European Court of Human Rights and the implicit democratic values that they serve. Placing this concept of legality into a wider theoretical framework allows legality to be translated into a context of emerging technology to maintain the connections between rule of law, democracy, and individual autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Technology and Regulation , 2019. p. 35-48
Keywords [en]
Legality, Policing, Black box, Democratic deliberation, Rule of law, Emerging technology, machine learning, surveillance, democracy, technology, black box policing, European Convention on Human Rights
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
constitutional law; jurisprudence; public law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164827DOI: 10.26116/techreg.2019.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164827DiVA, id: diva2:1367335
Part of project
Policing in Sweden - Efficiency and Rule of Law in Police Work, Riksbankens JubileumsfondAvailable from: 2019-11-03 Created: 2019-11-03 Last updated: 2019-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Naarttijärvi, Markus
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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