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Negative piezoelectric effect in an organic supramolecular ferroelectric
Linköping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol IFM, Complex Mat & Devices, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4199-3040
Eindhoven Univ Technol, Lab Macromol & Organ Chem, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Biochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3809-6928
Univ Groningen, Zernike Inst Adv Mat, Groningen, Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2037-4440
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2019 (English)In: Materials Horizons, ISSN 2051-6347, E-ISSN 2051-6355, Vol. 6, no 8, p. 1688-1698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The vast majority of ferroelectric materials demonstrate a positive piezoelectric effect. Theoretically, the negative piezoelectric coefficient d(33) could be found in certain classes of ferroelectrics, yet in practice, the number of materials showing linear longitudinal contraction with increasing applied field (d(33) < 0) is limited to few ferroelectric polymers. Here, we measure a pronounced negative piezoelectric effect in the family of organic ferroelectric small-molecular BTAs (trialkylbenzene-1,3,5-tricarboxamides), which can be tuned by mesogenic tail substitution and structural disorder. While the large- and small-signal strain in highly-ordered thin-film BTA capacitor devices are dominated by intrinsic contributions and originates from piezostriction, rising disorder introduces additional extrinsic factors that boost the large-signal d(33) up to -20 pm V-1 in short-tailed molecules. Interestingly, homologues with longer mesogenic tails show a large-signal electromechanical response that is dominated by the quadratic Maxwell strain with significant mechanical softening upon polarization switching, whereas the small-signal strain remains piezostrictive. Molecular dynamics and DFT calculations both predict a positive d(33) for defect-free BTA stacks. Hence, the measured negative macroscopic d(33) is attributed to the presence of structural defects that enable the dimensional effect to dominate the piezoelectric response of BTA thin films.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 8, p. 1688-1698
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Other Materials Engineering
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395426DOI: 10.1039/c9mh00094aISI: 000486213200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395426DiVA, id: diva2:1365080
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Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved

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