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Carbon-containing multi-component thin films
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8617-4834
2019 (English)In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 688, article id 137411Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High entropy alloys (HEAs) have been a hot research area for many years. They are solid solutions of at least five elements in approximately equimolar compositions. The HEAs are assumed to be stabilized by a high entropy of mixing favouring a solid solution phase instead of a mixture of intermetallic phases. The importance of entropy of mixing and the true nature of HEAs are debated but the concept has contributed to an interesting development of new alloys. They idea of stabilizing solid solutions with many elements have recently been expanded to nitrides, borides, oxides and carbides. Furthermore, a growing number of thin film studies of these compounds are now published. In this paper we summarise recent results from studies of carbon-containing multi-component thin films based on the HEA concept. We will summarise some general observations connected to "high-entropy" materials. We also describe some general trends in metal-carbon interactions for transition metals and discuss how they should influence the formation of multi-component carbides. A summary of results on bulk multi-component carbide materials is also presented. We review published studies of carbon-containing multi-component thin films mainly deposited with magnetron-sputtering. The crystal structure, microstructure and properties of these films are described. Finally, we highlight some interesting topics for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 688, article id 137411
Keywords [en]
Review, High entropy materials, Multi-component materials, Carbides, Thin-films
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395626DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2019.137411ISI: 000485256500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395626DiVA, id: diva2:1365050
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved

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