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Mer än bara mynt: En nätverksanalys av bysantinska silvermynt från 900- och 1000-tal
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
More than just coins : A network analysis of Byzantine silver coins from the 10th and 11th centuries. (English)
Abstract [en]

In the mid-10th century there was an increase of Byzantine coins to the Baltic area alongside the shift from the eastern Islamic dirhems to a western focus on German coins. This thesis sets out to study networks around the Baltic area from a perspective of Byzantine miliaresion minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II, John I Tzimisces and Basil II. The material consists of coin finds in foremostly hoards but also some grave finds from Gotland, mainland Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Belarus, Estonia and Finland. This essay will combine the use of two different methods, first a network analysis in Pajek and then a spatial analysis in GIS. With these two methods I want to investigate what the Byzantine coins can tell us about the transition period between the import of Islamic coins and German coins. Together with the Byzantine coins I will use other materials from Gotland such as shorttwig and longbranch runes, a type of metal vessel found in graves and a type of clay vessel with a special mark on the bottom. They will highlight different aspects of the Viking age networks, with a focus on Gotland.

The result showes that the import of Byzantine silver coins into the Baltic in the 10th century consists of two phases. The first phase consists of miliaresia minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II and John I Tzimisces which were probably imported through Poland. On their way through Poland they mixed with early southern German coins from Bayern and Schwaben on their way to Denmark and Gotland. With the second phase the eastern coin import temporarily gets an upswing. The coins minted by Basil II are more commonly found on Gotland and in Estonia which lead me to conclude that these could have been imported by Gotlandic individuals on their travels east.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 89
Keywords [en]
Viking Age, Network analysis, Byzantine coins, Miliaresion, Gotland, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Poland, Belarus, Denmark, Hoards
Keywords [sv]
Vikingatid, Nätverksanalys, Bysantinska mynt, Miliaresion, Gotland, Sverige, Finland, Estland, Polen, Vitryssland, Danmark, Depåer
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395593DiVA, id: diva2:1362837
Subject / course
Archaeology
Educational program
Master’s Programme in the Humanities – Archaeology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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