Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Which Abilities and Attitudes Matter Most?: Understanding and Investigating Capabilities in Industrial Agile Contexts
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0983-8817
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Over the past decades, advancements in the software industry and the prevalence of Agile Software Development (ASD) practices have increased the prominence of individual and interpersonal skills. The humancentric nature of ASD practices makes it imperative to identify and to assign a capable professional to a team. While capabilities of professionals influence team performance and lead the path to a project’s success, the area of capability measurement in ASD remains largely unexplored.

Objectives: This thesis aims to aggregate evidence from both the state of the art and practice to understand capability measurement in ASD. Further, to support research and practice towards composing agile teams, this thesis also investigates the effects of capability measures on team-level aspects (team performance and team climate) within industrial contexts.

Method: A mixed-methods approach was employed to address the thesis’ objectives. A Systematic Literature Review (SLR) and an industrial survey were conducted to identify and gather evidence in relation to individual and team capability measures, which are pertinent to ASD context. A case study and another industrial survey were carried out to provide insights and extend support towards agile team composition.

Results: Our SLR results showed that a major portion of former studies discussed capability measures in relation to affective, communication, interpersonal and personal aspects. Results from our survey also aligned with these findings, where, measures associated with the aforementioned aspects were observed to be widely known to practitioners and were also perceived by them as highly relevant in ASD contexts. Our case study conducted at a small-sized organization revealed multiple professional capability measures to be affecting team performance. Whereas, our survey conducted at a large-sized organization identified an individual’s ability to easily get along with other team members (agreeableness personality trait) to have a significant positive influence on the person’s perceived level of team climate.

Conclusion: In this thesis, the empirical evidence gathered by employing mixed-methods and examining diverse organizational contexts, contributed towards better realization of capability measurement in ASD. In order to extend support towards team composition in ASD, this thesis presents two approaches. The first approach is based on developing an agile support tool that coordinates capability assessments and team composition. The second approach is based on establishing team climate forecasting models that can provide insights about how the perceived level of climate within a team would vary based on its members’ personalities. However, in order to improve both approaches, it is certainly necessary to examine the effects of diverse capability measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2019.
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Licentiate Dissertation Series, ISSN 1650-2140 ; 13
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-18753ISBN: 978-91-7295-386-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-18753DiVA, id: diva2:1361565
Presentation
2019-11-20, J1630, BTH, Karlskrona, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Understanding the Perceived Relevance of Capability Measures: A Survey of Agile Software Development Practitioners
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the Perceived Relevance of Capability Measures: A Survey of Agile Software Development Practitioners
(English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Context: A significant number of studies discussed various human-aspects of software engineers over the past years. However, in the light of swift, incremental and iterative nature of Agile Software Development (ASD) practices, establishing deeper insights into capability measurement is crucial, as both individual and team capability can affect software development performance and project success.

Objective: Our study investigates how agile practitioners perceive the relevance of individual and team level measures, pertaining to professional, social and innovative aspects, for characterizing the capability of an agile team and its members.

Method: We undertook a Web-based survey using a questionnaire built based on the capability measures identified from our previous Systematic Literature Review (SLR). This questionnaire sought information about agile practitioners’ perceptions of individual and team capability measures.

Results: We received 60 usable responses, corresponding to a response rate of 17% from the original sampling frame. Our results indicate that 127 individual and 28 team capability measures were considered as relevant by majority of the practitioners. Our survey also identified seven individual and one team capability measure which have not been previously characterized by our SLR.

Conclusion: In practitioners’ opinion, an agile team member’s state of being answerable or accountable for things within one's control (responsibility) and the ability to feel or express doubt and raise objections (questioning skills), are the two measures that significantly represent the member’s capability. Overall, the findings from our study shed light on the sparsely explored field of capability measurement in ASD. Our results can be helpful to practitioners in reforming their team composition decisions.

Keywords
individual capability, team capability, capability measurement, survey, agile software development
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18738 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Investigating the relationship between personalities and team climate of software professionals in a telecom company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the relationship between personalities and team climate of software professionals in a telecom company
(English)In: Information and Software Technology, ISSN 0950-5849, E-ISSN 1873-6025Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Context: Previous research found that the performance of a team not only depends on the team personality composition, but also on the interactive effects of team climate. Although investigationon personalities associated with software development has been an active research area over the past decades, there has been very limited research in relation to team climate.

Objective: Our study investigates the association between the five factor model personality traits(openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism) and the factors related to team climate (team vision, participative safety, support for innovation and task orientation) within the context of agile teams working in a telecom company.

Method: A survey was used to gather data on personality characteristics and team climate perceptions of 43 members from eight agile teams. The data was initially used for correlation analysis; then, regression models were developed for predicting the personality traits related toteam climate perception.

Results: We observed a statistically significant positive correlation between agreeableness and participative safety (r = 0.37), and also between openness to experience and support for innovation(r = 0.31). Additionally, agreeableness was observed to be positively correlated with overall team climate (r = 0.35). Further, from regression models, we observed that personality traits accountedto less than 15% of the variance in team climate.

Conclusion: A person’s ability to easily get along with team members (agreeableness) has a significant positive influence on the perceived level of team climate. Results from our regression analysis suggest that further data may be needed, and/or there are other human factors, in addition to personality traits, that should also be investigated with regard to their relationship with team climate. Overall, the relationships identified in our study are likely to be applicable to organizations within the telecommunications domain that use scrum methodology for software development.

Keywords
personality traits, team climate, correlation, regression, agile software development
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18736 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved
3. Designing a capability-centric web tool to support agile team composition and task allocation: A work in progress
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing a capability-centric web tool to support agile team composition and task allocation: A work in progress
2018 (English)In: 2018 IEEE/ACM 11TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON COOPERATIVE AND HUMAN ASPECTS OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING (CHASE), IEEE Computer Society , 2018, Vol. F137813, p. 41-44Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A significant number of studies reported models for competence profiling, measuring capabilities of professionals and recommendation systems for roles within agile software development (ASD). These models coordinated in human resource management within ASD. However, in the light of swift, incremental and iterative nature of ASD practices, designing solutions that easily integrate capability measurements with ongoing project management routines, is an important area for investigation. With the support of interviews, grounded theory procedure and workshops, we identified the aspects valued by our industrial collaborator while allocating professionals to tasks. This information was further utilized towards devising a framework for capability-centric Web tool. This tool provides a one-stop solution for project managers to create projects, keep track of capabilities and execute allocation routines. © 2018 ACM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2018
Keywords
agile software development, capability measurement, competence, software project management, software tools, Computer aided software engineering, Human resource management, Project management, Grounded theory, Industrial collaborators, Keep track of, Project managers, Work in progress, Software design
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16939 (URN)10.1145/3195836.3195855 (DOI)000449617900009 ()2-s2.0-85051223005 (Scopus ID)9781450357258 (ISBN)
Conference
11th ACM/IEEE International Workshop on Cooperative and Human Aspects of Software Engineering, CHASE, Gothenburg
Available from: 2018-08-24 Created: 2018-08-24 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved
4. An insight into the capabilities of professionals and teams in agile software development: A systematic literature review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An insight into the capabilities of professionals and teams in agile software development: A systematic literature review
2018 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF 2018 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOFTWARE AND COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (ICSCA 2018), Association for Computing Machinery , 2018, p. 10-19Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies investigated key characteristics of software engineers and factors influencing the performance of individuals, productivity of teams and project success within agile software development (ASD). They aided in the active investigation of human aspects in ASD. However, capability measurement and prediction with respect to agile workforce, owing to its importance, is an area that needs spotlight. Objective: The objective of this paper is to present the state of the art relating to capability measurement of software engineers and teams working in ASD projects. Method: We carried out a systematic literature review (SLR) focused on identifying attributes used for measuring and predicting the capabilities of individual software engineers and teams. Results: Evidence from 16 studies showed attributes that can measure capabilities of engineers and teams, and also attributes that can be used as capability predictors. Further, different instruments used to measure those attributes were presented. Conclusions: The SLR presented a wide list of attributes that were grouped into various categories. This information can be used by project managers as, for example, a checklist to consider when allocating software engineers to teams and in turn teams to a project. Further, this study indicated the necessity for an investigation into capability prediction models. © 2018 Association for Computing Machinery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Computing Machinery, 2018
Keywords
Agile software development, Capability measurement, Capability prediction, Competence, Individual capability, Systematic literature review, Team capability, Application programs, Engineers, Forecasting, Human resource management, Software design
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16644 (URN)10.1145/3185089.3185096 (DOI)000461243700003 ()2-s2.0-85048487301 (Scopus ID)9781450354141 (ISBN)
Conference
7th International Conference on Software and Computer Applications, ICSCA 2018, Kuantan, Malaysia
Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(10253 kB)2 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 10253 kBChecksum SHA-512
a8998c246e322c4a0c7ddd2eeba2d947d51f3fa2b1df486ede497f45c43130f06f4053ae00b1a4bb747a25ab74ef791d83cdea1f9c255fcd2c1a2f0d6745a5c7
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Vishnubhotla, Sai Datta
By organisation
Department of Computer Science
Software Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 90 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 407 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf