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Development of a new test methodology for car-to-truck crash
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Till följ av de stora skadorna som riskeras vid frontalkollision mellan personbil och lastbil, utför Scania CV AB kraschtester för att bättre kunna utveckla komponenter med syfte att skydda passagerarna i personbilen. Den typ av test som denna studie bygger på utvärderar den s.k. FUP:en (engelska Front Underrun Protection). I dagsläget görs ett fullskaligt test, där en personbil avfyras in i en lastbil. Syftet med studien är att undersöka möjligheten att utveckla en förenklad test metod där endast de väsentliga komponenterna från lastbilen inkluderas, och en representativ struktur ersätter personbilen. Om möjligt kommer detta minska kostnaderna samt möjliggöra för större repeterbarhet. Tester och utvärderingar görs med hjälp av simulationer i LS-Dyna, ANSA & META, och designkoncept visualiseras i CAD-programmet CATIA V5. Resultat visar att det finns goda förutsättningar för att ersätta personbilen med en barriär av honeycomb struktur samt att lastbilen kan ersättas med en vagn där de väsentliga komponenterna fäst. Diskussioner kring simuleringarna och designen lyfter fram faktorer som visar på goda utvecklingsmöjligheter, men med betoning på det fortsatta arbetet som krävs.

Abstract [en]

Scania CV AB are developing components to prevent fatal damages during frontal collisions with passenger cars. Therefore, they need to test their assemblies and specifically FUP (Frontal Underrun Protection). Currently, a full-scale test is done in which a passenger car is launched into a truck. The purpose of this study is to examine and develop the possibility of having a simplified test procedure in which only the relevant components of the truck are included, and a representative structure replaces the car. If possible, this would reduce costs and allow for greater repeatability. Analysis and evaluations are done via finite element models using ANSA, LS-Dyna and META. The conceptual design is visualized using CATIA V5. Results show good indication that the passenger car can be replaced by a trolley with deformable barriers mounted on it and the truck can be replaced by a simplified structure with main FUP components mounted onto it. Discussions about the numerical models results and the conceptual design highlight factors that show promising possibilities, but with emphasis on the continued work that is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 104
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:246
Keywords [en]
Crash tests, FUP, Frontal impact, Honeycomb structure
Keywords [sv]
FUP, Frontalkrock, Honeycomb struktur, Kraschtest
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-262654DiVA, id: diva2:1361557
External cooperation
Scania
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-17 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved

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