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Violiniststudenters upplevelser och erfarenheter av att spela med smärta eller skada: En kvalitativ studie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Åsenlöf: Physiotheraphy.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Det är välkänt att musiker, studerande såväl som praktiserande, ofta drabbas av smärtproblematik och det finns en hög prevalens för smärta i nacke, skuldra, arm och handområden hos violinister.

 

Syfte

Syftet var att belysa och beskriva violiniststudenters upplevelser av att spela med smärtor/skador och upplevelser om underlättande och försvårande faktorer för spel samt deras upplevelser om behandlingar/möjlighet till behandlingar.

 

Design och metod

Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med en explorativ design med semistrukturerade intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod.

 

Resultat

Ur analysen identifierades fem kategorier: ”Konsekvenser av smärta och skada vid spel”, ”smärtans påverkan i vardagen”, ”underlättande faktorer för spel”, ”försvårande faktorer för spel”, och ”upplevelser av behandling”. God kunskap hos musikläraren, ergonomi och fysisk träning upplevdes som underlättande faktorer och minskade smärtan. Instrumentets utformning och höga krav upplevdes som försvårande faktorer för spel och påverkade smärtproblematiken negativt. Deras upplevelser av behandling var att vården var oförstående för deras problematik och att mer kunskap om hur de kan få hjälp behövs.

 

Konklusion

Fysisk träning, ergonomi och coping är exempel på faktorer som underlättat för spel och minskat smärtproblematiken hos studenterna. Detta kan vården och specifikt fysioterapeuter hjälpta till med men det behöver utforskas ytterligare för att kunna utveckla anpassade behandlingar för att minska smärtproblematik hos violiniststudenter.  

Abstract [en]

Background

It is well known that musicians, both students and working professionals, often are affected by pain related problems and there is a high prevalence for violinists to get pain in the neck, shoulders, arms and hands.

 

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to describe the violin student experiences of pain and/or injuries whilst playing, experiences of aggravating and mitigating factors for playing music and their experiences with therapy/possibilities for therapy.

 

Design and method

The design used was a qualitative and explorative design with semi-structured interviews as the method to collect the data.

 

Result

From the analysis five categories were identified: “Consequences of pain and injurie when playing”, “the pains effect in day to day life”, “aggravating factors for playing”, “mitigating factors for playing” and “experiences with treatments”. The music teacher’s knowledge, ergonomics and physical training was perceived as aggravating factors. The instruments form and high demands was described by the students as mitigating factors for playing music and that it had a negative impact on their pain. Their experiences with therapy/possibilities for therapy was of the sort that the healthcare professionals were uncomprehending about their complex of problems and that more knowledge about how to sufficiently help the students is needed.

 

Conclusion

Physical training, ergonomics and coping are examples of factors that is aggravating for playing and that it has decreased the pain for the students. Healthcare and especially physical therapy can help with this but further research is needed to develop proper treatments to minimize pain for violinist students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Musicians, physical training, pain-related musculoskeletal disorders, physical therapy
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395207OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-395207DiVA, id: diva2:1361183
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-17 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved

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