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Dual-Task Performance and Neurodegeneration: Correlations Between Timed Up-and-Go Dual-Task Test Outcomes and Alzheimer's Disease Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 71, p. S75-S83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Tools to identify individuals at preclinical stages of dementia disorders are needed to enable early interventions. Alterations in dual-task performance have been detected early in progressive neurodegenerative disorders. Hence, dual-task testing may have the potential to screen for cognitive impairment caused by neurodegeneration. Exploring correlations between dual-task performance and biomarkers of neurodegeneration is therefore of interest.

Objective: To investigate correlations between Timed Up-and-Go dual-task (TUGdt) outcomes and Alzheimer's disease (AD) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid-beta 42 (A beta(42)), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau).

Methods: This cross-sectional cohort study included 90 participants (age range 49-84 years) undergoing memory assessment, who were subsequently diagnosed with AD, other dementia disorders, mild cognitive impairment, or subjective cognitive impairment. TUG combined with "Naming Animals" (TUGdt NA) and "Months Backwards" (TUGdt MB), respectively, were used to assess dual-task performance. The number of correct words and time taken to complete the tests were measured. The CSF biomarkers were analysed by ELISA. Spearman's rank correlation was used for analyses between TUGdt outcomes (TUGdt NA and TUGdt MB), and CSF biomarkers, adjusted for age, gender, and educational level.

Results: The number of correct words, as well as the number of correct words/10 s during TUGdt NA correlated negatively to CSF t-tau and p-tau. No correlations were found between any time scores and CSF biomarkers.

Conclusion: The correlations between TUGdt NA and t-tau and p-tau may indicate that neurodegeneration affects dual-task performance. Longitudinal studies are needed to further explore dual-task testing in screening for cognitive impairment due to neurodegeneration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2019. Vol. 71, p. S75-S83
Keywords [en]
Alzheimer's disease, attention, biomarkers, cerebrospinal fluid, dementia, executive function, gait, ld cognitive impairment, subjective cognitive impairment
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164167DOI: 10.3233/JAD-181265ISI: 000487075000010PubMedID: 31104024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164167DiVA, id: diva2:1361045
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-15Bibliographically approved

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