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Män och kvinnors upplevelser om könsroller: En kvalitativ studie inom bankbranchen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Men and womens experiences about gender roles : A qualitative study in banking industry (English)
Abstract [sv]

I denna kvalitativa studie har det undersökts om vilken betydelse könsroller har på bankanställda samt om manliga och kvinnliga anställda upplever sin yrkesroll annorlunda. I undersökningen återfinns nio respondenters upplevelser varav sex anställda är respondenter som identifierar sig som kvinnor och tre som identifierar sig som män. Studien har genomförts på tre olika organisationer på olika orter i Sverige. Denna undersökning belyser respondenternas subjektiva upplevelser och erfarenheter om könsroller. Resultatet har analyserats utifrån de sociologiska perspektiven: rollteorin och symbolisk interaktionism som förklarar hur respondenternas roller skapats och hur de utspelar sig samt hur de uppfattar sig själva utifrån könsroller. Studiens resultat är att manliga och kvinnliga anställda upplever könsroller på liknande sätt, det vill säga i enlighet med de stereotypa egenskaperna utifrån vad som anses manligt respektive kvinnligt. Dock skiljer sig betydelsen av könsroller i upplevelser och även att det råder en ojämlikhet. Kvinnliga anställda upplever att de behöver prestera mer för att bli lika uppskattade som manliga kollegor. Kvinnor upplevde även i större utsträckning att de blev negativt bemötta av främst kunder på grund av deras kön. De manliga anställda upplevde att deras manliga kön fungerade som en positiv tillgång när det gäller respekt och karriärsuppgång. Resultatet visade att samtliga respondenter anpassade sig efter de rådande stereotypa könsrollerna dock att det sker utan någon större reflektion. 

Abstract [en]

In this qualitative study, we have investigated which meaning gender roles have on bank and financial employees’ professional role, and whether male and female employees perceive their professional role differently. The study includes nine respondents' experiences of which six employees identify as female and three employees identify as male. The study has been conducted within three different organizations in different locations in Sweden. This study highlights the respondents' subjective experiences and experiences about gender roles. The results have been analysed using the sociological perspectives: role theory and symbolic interactionism, which explain how the respondents' roles are created, how they take place and how they perceive themselves based on gender roles. The study reveals that male and female employees experience gender roles in a similar way, that is, in accordance with the stereotypical characteristics based on what is considered male and female, respectively. However, the importance of gender roles in experiences differs and that inequality exists. Employees who identify as female feel that they need to perform at a higher level to become as appreciated as male colleagues. Women, to a greater extent than the men, felt that they were negatively addressed primarily by customers because of their perceived gender. The employees who identify as male felt that their gender served as a positive asset when it comes to respect and career advancement. The result showed that all respondents adapted to the prevailing stereotypical gender roles, however, that it occurs without any major reflection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 63
Keywords [en]
Masculinity, femininity, sex, gender roles, stereotypes, and profession.
Keywords [sv]
Manligt, kvinnligt, kön, könsroller, stereotyper och yrkesroll.
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-75192DiVA, id: diva2:1359653
Subject / course
Sociology
Educational program
Social analysis and organizing (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-11 Created: 2019-10-09 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved

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