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An Exploratory Study on how Artificial Intelligence could help Resolve the Issue of Whitewashing Hollywood Films
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Whitewashing and colourism is prevalent in the Hollywood film industry due to decades of institutional racism, unconscious and implicit bias of professionals in the industry combined with the misconceptions of the success factors in film. This study will explore the capabilities of artificial intelligence helping the industry professionals of Hollywood film fight against whitewashing. The research of AI and AI-human interactions are a relatively young phenomenon, let alone combining artificial intelligence with the creative process of creating a cast. This means that the whole research is a relatively new territory and will be examined from an exploratory point of view. The findings of this paper suggest that AI certainly has the capabilities to help Hollywood make more diverse casts with more equal representation of people of colour, but technology needs to face and overcome the biases of its own first.

Abstract [sv]

Whitewashing och colourism är utbredda fenomen i filmbranschen i Hollywood. Detta är en konsekvens av årtionden av institutionell rasism, omedvetna och indirekta fördomar hos branschfolk, i kombination med missuppfattningar om framgångsfaktorerna i filmer. Denna studie kommer att undersöka möjligheten att använda artificiell intelligens som ett hjälpmedel för professionella inom filmindustrin i Hollywood i kampen mot whitewashing. Forskningen av AI (artificiell intelligens) och AI-mänskliga interaktioner är ett relativt nytt fenomen, likaså att kombinera artificiell intelligens med den kreativa processen av att skapa en gjutning. Detta innebär att forskningen kring ämnet är ett relativt nytt område och kommer att undersökas ur en utforskande synvinkel. Resultatet av denna avhandling tyder på att användningen av AI som ett hjälpmedel kan resultera i mer varierande rollbesättningar, med bredare representation av färgade personer, men tekniken måste till att börja med möta och övervinna sina egna fördomar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 14
Series
TRITA-EECS-EX ; 2019:509
Keywords [en]
Racial minorities in film, whitewashing in film, colourism in media, diverse film casts, effects of whitewashing in film, artificial intelligence bias, bias film auditions, regulation of artificial intelligence
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261632DiVA, id: diva2:1359328
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-07 Created: 2019-10-09 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved

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