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Does Gender Equality Cause Gender Differences in Values?: Reassessing the Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4203-5394
2019 (English)In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox (GEPP) is the finding that gender differences in personality are at their largest in the most gender equal countries. Previous known studies have not examined this relationship over time. Examining this linkage is crucial to our understanding of gender differences and personality development. In the present study, we contrast evolutionary perspectives predicting a gender divergence in personality due to progression in gender equality against biosocial perspectives predicting convergence. Using data from all eight rounds of the European Social Survey (n = 235,339) across 32 European countries, we report three findings. First, in accordance with the evolutionary perspective, country-level gender equality is positively associated with gender differences in basic human values. Second, in accordance with the biosocial perspective, we find evidence supporting gender convergence in basic human values. Third, contradicting both evolutionary and biosocial assumptions, we find no evidence that gender equality causes gender differences in values. We argue that there is a need to explore alternative explanations to the observed cross-sectional association between gender equality and personality differences, as well as gender convergence in personality over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Gender differences, Personality, Human values, Cross-country comparison, Change over time
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163865DOI: 10.1007/s11199-019-01097-xISI: 000500616600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163865DiVA, id: diva2:1357927
Available from: 2019-10-04 Created: 2019-10-04 Last updated: 2020-01-03

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Fors Connolly, FilipGoossen, MikaelHjerm, Mikael
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Sex Roles
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